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dc.contributor.authorOng, Soon Keongen_US
dc.identifier.citationOng, S. K. (2022). The business of migration: Xiamen in motion and transformation. The China Review, 22(1), 281-306.en_US
dc.description.abstractis article examines the post–Opium War development of Xiamen a er it was opened as a treaty port. While the British had hoped to use Xiamen as the beachhead for their economic advancement into China, foreign trade through the port failed to take o . Yet by the 1930s, Xiamen was one of the most prosperous and modern cities in China. What drove Xiamen to prosperity was not foreign trade or industrialization; rather, it was its evolvement into the preeminent migration hub of Fujian province. is article argues that migration itself was a big business and there was money to be made at every step of the migration process. Individuals and businesses congregated in Xiamen to help move people, which in turn enhanced its business environment. Many emigrants thus returned to reside and invest in Xiamen instead of bringing their money back to their home villages. eir business decisions helped accelerate the urbanization and modernization of the port city in the early 20th century, and overseas Chinese continue to in uence the fortune of Xiamen today.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofThe China Reviewen_US
dc.rights© 2021 The Chinese University of Hong Kong Press. All rights reserved. This paper was published in The China Review and is made available with permission of The Chinese University of Hong Kong Press.en_US
dc.subjectSocial sciences::Generalen_US
dc.titleThe business of migration: Xiamen in motion and transformationen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Humanitiesen_US
dc.description.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.subject.keywordsXiamen, Chinaen_US
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