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Title: Initial reliability assessment of a commercial-off-the-shelf GPS sensor for generic UAVs
Authors: Thanaraj, T.
Tan, Kailun
Wang, John Chung-Hung
Ng, Ee Meng
Low, Kin Huat 
Keywords: Engineering::Aeronautical engineering::Electrical systems and equipment
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Thanaraj, T., Tan, K., Wang, J. C., Ng, E. M. & Low, K. H. (2022). Initial reliability assessment of a commercial-off-the-shelf GPS sensor for generic UAVs. 2022 Integrated Communication, Navigation and Surveillance Conference (ICNS), 1-11.
metadata.dc.contributor.conference: 2022 Integrated Communication, Navigation and Surveillance Conference (ICNS)
Abstract: Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have gathered much attention commercially in recent times owing to the advancement in technology, such as the introduction of brushless-DC motors and micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS). As a result, these UAVs can undertake complex missions and pose potential benefits to a multitude of use cases, for instance, last-mile cargo delivery, infrastructure inspection, and even search-and-rescue missions. With the increase in the adoption of UAVs and the abundance of commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) components, the airworthiness of the UAVs grows to be of concern as the assessment criteria for them are not as stringent as that of manned aircraft, largely due to the absence of an onboard pilot or passengers. In addition, UAVs with COTS components lack data to provide assurance of their reliability and determine if the UAVs are fit to fly. On-board navigational sensors are one of the critical subsystems in a UAV and any deterioration in the performance of these sensors can precipitate into a UAV system failure during flight missions, potentially leading to a crash. As such, the reliability of these sensors has to be ascertained before any flight mission to ensure their airworthiness. In this paper, we will assess a COTS GPS sensor that has been commonly used in self-assembled UAVs and predict its reliability based on the characteristics of the Surface Mounted Devices (SMD) and Integrated Circuits (IC) using MIL-HDBK-217F. Results from this assessment will provide a preliminary representation of the reliability of a typical COTS GPS sensor for the determination of its suitability for its intended operation.
ISBN: 9781665484190
ISSN: 2155-4951
DOI: 10.1109/ICNS54818.2022.9771497
Schools: School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 
Research Centres: Air Traffic Management Research Institute 
Rights: © 2022 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works. The published version is available at:
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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