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Title: Route coordination of UAV fleet to track a ground moving target in search and lock (SAL) task over urban airspace
Authors: Wu, Yu
Low, Kin Huat
Keywords: Engineering::Aeronautical engineering
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Wu, Y. & Low, K. H. (2022). Route coordination of UAV fleet to track a ground moving target in search and lock (SAL) task over urban airspace. IEEE Internet of Things Journal.
Project: NRF ATP Programme on UAS (Award no: #001332-00019) 
2018-T1-002-124 (RG184/18) 
Journal: IEEE Internet of Things Journal 
Abstract: Drone has become more and more popular in various civil applications due to the open of the low-altitude airspace and its easy operation. Unlike the common search and track task for the target, the new search and lock (SAL) task is focused on in this paper. In the SAL task, multiple drones first try to detect the moving ground target cooperatively. Then they must lock the target by covering all the surrounding area of it at a low flight altitude, which indicates that the target can be watched clearly in all directions from then on. The SAL task can be applied in the panorama shot for the moving ground target. First, the low-altitude urban airspace is discretized into cubes, based on which the flight rules of drone are defined. The field of view (FOV) of drone is modeled considering the flight altitude and the block of buildings. For the cooperation among multiple drones, the constraints on the type of waypoint, the communication distance and the collision avoidance are all included. The goal in the search phase is to cover more area which have not been visited recently to increase the probability of detecting the target, and it is expected to lock the target as soon as possible in the lock phase. A new swarm-based imitative learning optimization (SBILO) algorithm is proposed to determine the waypoint of drone in the search phase considering the characteristic of the established SAL model. To have a quick response to the escape behavior of the target in the lock phase, the waypoint of drone is generated in a distributed way to cover more surrounding area of the target and lock it gradually. The case of losing the target in the FOV of all drones is also addressed by covering more possible places where the target may appear. Simulation results demonstrate that the SAL task can be performed efficiently by the drones with the flight routes obtained by the proposed SBILO algorithm and the distributed asynchronous decision-make (DADM) approach.
ISSN: 2327-4662
DOI: 10.1109/JIOT.2022.3178089
Schools: School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 
Research Centres: Air Traffic Management Research Institute 
Rights: © 2022 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works. The published version is available at:
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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