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Title: Air passenger forecasting using Neural Granger causal Google trend queries
Authors: Long, Chan Li
Guleria, Yash
Alam, Sameer
Keywords: Engineering::Civil engineering
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Long, C. L., Guleria, Y. & Alam, S. (2021). Air passenger forecasting using Neural Granger causal Google trend queries. Journal of Air Transport Management, 95, 102083-.
Journal: Journal of Air Transport Management
Abstract: Air passenger forecasting provides important insights for both Governments and Aerospace industries to plan their for their future activities. Google Trends can provide a large database of historical search query frequency which can be used as explanatory variables for air passenger forecasting. This paper explores the use of a Neural Granger Causality model to select the best search query that can forecast arrival air passengers in Singapore Changi Airport. Neural Granger Causality models are an extension of the original Granger Causality model that uses neural networks instead of Linear Vector Auto-Regressive (VAR) models to capture non-linear relations between the targets and the tested explanatory variables. In this paper, 1317 Google Trends search queries are tested for Neural Granger Causality of which 171 queries are deemed as Neural Granger Causal for forecasting Singapore Changi Airport monthly arrival passengers. The model that used all 171 Neural Granger Queries achieved the highest R2 value (R2=0.919) with the lowest Standard Deviation (SD=0.363) compared to the other models which was not filtered for Neural Granger Causality. The 171 queries found are search terms that reflects a unidirectional neural granger causal relationship with the number of arrival air passengers at Changi Airport.
ISSN: 0969-6997
DOI: 10.1016/j.jairtraman.2021.102083
Research Centres: Air Traffic Management Research Institute 
Rights: © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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