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dc.contributor.authorZhang, Xinyien_US
dc.contributor.authorXu, Jiahaoen_US
dc.contributor.authorSoh, Charlieen_US
dc.contributor.authorChen, Lihuien_US
dc.identifier.citationZhang, X., Xu, J., Soh, C. & Chen, L. (2022). LA-HCN: label-based attention for hierarchical multi-label text classification neural network. Expert Systems With Applications, 187, 115922-.
dc.description.abstractHierarchical multi-label text classification (HMTC) has been gaining popularity in recent years thanks to its applicability to a plethora of real-world applications. The existing HMTC algorithms largely focus on the design of classifiers, such as the local, global, or a combination of them. However, very few studies have focused on hierarchical feature extraction and explore the association between the hierarchical labels and the text. In this paper, we propose a Label-based Attention for Hierarchical Multi-label Text Classification Neural Network (LA-HCN), where the novel label-based attention module is designed to hierarchically extract important information from the text based on the labels from different hierarchy levels. Besides, hierarchical information is shared across levels while preserving the hierarchical label-based information. Separate local and global document embeddings are obtained and used to facilitate the respective local and global classifications. In our experiments, LA-HCN outperforms other state-of-the-art neural network-based HMTC algorithms on four public HMTC datasets. The ablation study also demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed label-based attention module as well as the novel local and global embeddings and classifications. By visualizing the learned attention (words), we find that LA-HCN is able to extract meaningful information corresponding to the different labels which provides explainability that may be helpful for the human analyst.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Research Foundation (NRF)en_US
dc.relation.ispartofExpert Systems with Applicationsen_US
dc.rights© 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.subjectEngineering::Electrical and electronic engineeringen_US
dc.titleLA-HCN: label-based attention for hierarchical multi-label text classification neural networken_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Electrical and Electronic Engineeringen_US
dc.subject.keywordsDeep Neural Networken_US
dc.description.acknowledgementThis research/project is supported by the National Research Foundation, Singapore under its AI Singapore Programme (AISG Award No: AISG-100E-2019-031).en_US
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