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Title: Fatigue strength of additively manufactured 316L austenitic stainless steel
Authors: Kumar, Punit
Jayaraj, R.
Suryawanshi, J.
Satwik, U. R.
McKinnell, J.
Ramamurty, Upadrasta
Keywords: Engineering::Mechanical engineering
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Kumar, P., Jayaraj, R., Suryawanshi, J., Satwik, U. R., McKinnell, J. & Ramamurty, U. (2020). Fatigue strength of additively manufactured 316L austenitic stainless steel. Acta Materialia, 199, 225-239.
Project: I1801E0028 
Journal: Acta Materialia 
Abstract: The microstructures and mechanical properties of the 316L austenitic stainless steel fabricated using binder jet printing (BJP) and selective laser melting (SLM) were investigated and compared with those of the conventionally manufactured (CM) alloy, with particular emphasis on the unnotched fatigue resistance. Results show that the work hardening behavior, ductility, and fatigue strength (σf) of the BJP specimens, which contain significant amounts of pores, are surprisingly comparable to those of the CM alloy. In contrast, the SLM specimens are considerably stronger, especially in terms of the yield strength, less ductile, and far inferior in terms of σf although the porosity in them is relatively smaller as compared to the BJP specimens. These results are rationalized by recourse to the distinct microstructures in the two additively manufactured alloys, which stem from the different processing conditions experienced by them. The planar slip regime that prevails in the early stages of plastic deformation of the BJP alloys and a combination of other microstructural factors lead to the arrest of small cracks that nucleate at the corners of the pores, both under quasi-static and cyclic loads; as a result, neither ductility nor fatigue strength are adversely affected by the porosity in the BJP alloys. In the SLM alloy, the cellular structure, which enhances the yield strength considerably, is too fine whereas the columnar grains are minimally misoriented and coarse enough to induce any crack deflection or arrest. Implications of these results in terms of possible directions for designing AM alloys with high mechanical performance are discussed.
ISSN: 1359-6454
DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2020.08.033
Schools: School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 
Research Centres: HP-NTU Digital Manufacturing Corporate Lab
Rights: © 2020 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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