Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/160908
Title: Real-time valuation of large variable annuity portfolios: a green mesh approach
Authors: Liu, Kai
Tan, Ken Seng
Keywords: Business::Finance
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Liu, K. & Tan, K. S. (2021). Real-time valuation of large variable annuity portfolios: a green mesh approach. North American Actuarial Journal, 25(3), 313-333. https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10920277.2019.1697707
Journal: North American Actuarial Journal
Abstract: The valuation of large variable annuity (VA) portfolios is an important problem of interest, not only because of its practical relevance but also because of its theoretical significance. This is prompted by the phenomenon that many existing sophisticated algorithms are typically efficient at valuing a single VA policy but they are not scalable to valuing large VA portfolios consisting of hundreds of thousands of policies. As a result, this sparks a new research direction exploiting machine learning methods (such as data clustering, nearest neighbor kriging, neural network) on providing more efficient algorithms to estimate the market values and sensitivities of large VA portfolios. The idea underlying these approximation methods is to first determine a set of VA policies that is “representative” of the entire large VA portfolio. Then the values from these representative VA policies are used to estimate the respective values of the entire large VA portfolio. A substantial reduction in computation time is possible because we only need to value the representative set of VA policies, which typically is a much smaller subset of the entire large VA portfolio. Ideally the large VA portfolio valuation method should adequately address issues such as (1) the complexity of the proposed algorithm; (2) the cost of finding representative VA policies; (3) the cost of the initial training set, if any; (4) the cost of estimating the entire large VA portfolio from the representative VA policies; (5) the computer memory constraint; and (6) the portability to other large VA portfolio valuation. Most of the existing large VA portfolio valuation methods do not necessary reflect all of these issues, particularly the property of portability, which ensures that we only need to incur the start-up time once and the same representative VA policies can be recycled to valuing other large portfolios of VA policies. Motivated by their limitations and by exploiting the greater uniformity of the randomized low discrepancy sequence and the Taylor expansion, we show that our proposed method, a green mesh method, addresses all of the above issues. The numerical experiment further highlights its simplicity, efficiency, portability, and, more important, its real-time valuation application.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/160908
ISSN: 1092-0277
DOI: 10.1080/10920277.2019.1697707
Rights: © 2020 Society of Actuaries. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
Appears in Collections:NBS Journal Articles

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