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Title: Age-related bone loss is associated with FGF21 but not IGFBP1 in healthy adults
Authors: Lee, Shuen Yee
Fam, Kai Deng
Chia, Kar Ling
Yap, Margaret M. C.
Goh, Jorming
Yeo, Kwee Poo
Yap, Eric Peng Huat
Chotirmall, Sanjay Haresh
Lim, Chin Leong
Keywords: Science::Medicine
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Lee, S. Y., Fam, K. D., Chia, K. L., Yap, M. M. C., Goh, J., Yeo, K. P., Yap, E. P. H., Chotirmall, S. H. & Lim, C. L. (2020). Age-related bone loss is associated with FGF21 but not IGFBP1 in healthy adults. Experimental Physiology, 105(4), 622-631.
Project: ARISE/2017/6
Journal: Experimental Physiology
Abstract: Bone fragility increases with age. The fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21)–insulin-like growth factor binding protein 1 (IGFBP1) axis regulates bone loss in animals. However, the role of FGF21 in mediating age-associated bone fragility in humans remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to explore the FGF21-regulatory axis in bone turnover and the age-related decline in bone mineral density (BMD). Twenty ‘genetically linked’ family (parent and child) pairs were recruited. Younger adults were 22–39 years old and older adults 60–71 years old. The BMD and serum concentrations of FGF21, IGFBP1, receptor activator of nuclear factor-𝜅B ligand (RANKL), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRAP5b) and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP) were measured. Older adults had 10–18% lower BMD at the hip and spine (P < 0.008) and a twofold higher FGF21 concentration (P < 0.001). The IGFBP1 concentration was similar in younger and older adults (P = 0.961). The RANKL concentration was 44% lower (P = 0.006), whereas TRAP5b and BAP concentrations were 36 and 31% higher (P = 0.01 and P = 0.004), respectively, in older adults than in younger adults. Adjusting for sex did not affect these results. The FGF21 concentration was negatively correlated with BMD at the spine (r = −0.460, P = 0.003), but not with the IGFBP1 concentration (r = −0.144, P = 0.374). The IGFBP1 concentration was not correlated with BMD at the hip or spine (all P > 0.05). In humans, FGF21 might be involved in the age-associated decline in BMD, especially at the spine, through increased bone turnover. IGFBP1 is unlikely to be the downstream effector of FGF21 in driving the age-associated decline in BMD and in RANKL-associated osteoclast differentiation.
ISSN: 0958-0670
DOI: 10.1113/EP088351
Schools: Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine (LKCMedicine) 
School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences 
Rights: © 2020 The Authors. Experimental Physiology © 2020 The Physiological Society. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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