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Title: The common and intrinsic skin electric-double-layer (EDL) and its bonding characteristics of nanostructures
Authors: Peng, Yuan
Tong, Zhibo
Yang, Yezi
Sun, Changqing
Keywords: Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Peng, Y., Tong, Z., Yang, Y. & Sun, C. (2021). The common and intrinsic skin electric-double-layer (EDL) and its bonding characteristics of nanostructures. Applied Surface Science, 539, 148208-.
Journal: Applied Surface Science
Abstract: We show that nanocrystals share a common and intrinsic skin electric-double-layer (EDL). The EDL is determined to be 2.14 regular-bond-length thick using differential phonon spectroscopy that distills phonon abundance transiting from the core region to the EDL of the sized crystals. Theoretical reproduction of the size-resolved Raman shift for Si, CeO₂, and SnO₂ nanocrystals, elasticity of ZnO, and the XPS 2p energy shift, band gap expansion and melting point shift of Si crystals confirmed the universality of the EDL of which bonds are shorter and stronger than those inside the bulk or the particle core interior. The EDL bond contraction and the associated electron entrapment and polarization originate, and the EDL volume quantifies the size dependency of nanostructures while the electron entrapment or polarization entitles the undercoordinated single or edge atoms with properties that a bulk does never show.
ISSN: 0169-4332
DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2020.148208
Schools: School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering 
Research Centres: Micro- and Nanoelectronic Research Center
Rights: © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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