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Title: Field investigation of effect of plants on cracks of compacted clay covers at a contaminated site
Authors: Bi, Yu-Zhang
Fu, Xianlei
Zhou, Shi-Ji
Ni, Jin
Du, Yan-Jun
Keywords: Engineering::Civil engineering
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Bi, Y., Fu, X., Zhou, S., Ni, J. & Du, Y. (2022). Field investigation of effect of plants on cracks of compacted clay covers at a contaminated site. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(12), 7248-.
Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Abstract: Compacted clay covers (CCCs) are effective in restricting the upward migration of volatile organic compound (VOC) and semi-volatile organic compound (SVOC) vapors released mainly from unsaturated contaminated soils and hence mitigate the risks to human health. Desiccation cracking of CCCs would result in numerous preferential channels. VOC or SVOC vapors can prefereially migrate through the cracks and emit into the atmosphere, exposing threats to human health and surrounding environmental acceptors. This study presented results of comprehensive field investigation of desiccation crack distribution in CCCs, where four herbaceous plants were covered at the industrial contaminated site in. The plants included Trefoil, Bermuda grass, Conyza Canadensis, and Paspalum, and the corresponding planting areas were labeled as S1, S2, S3, and S4, respectively. The quantity and geometry parameters of the cracks including crack width, depth, and length, were investigated. The results showed that the cracks of the CCCs were mainly distributed in the areas of S3 (Conyza Canadensis) and S4 (Paspalum), where more cracks were formed when the degree of compaction (DOC) of the CCCs was less than 87%. In addition, the results revealed that: (1) no cracks were found in the area S1 (Trefoil); (2) the quantity, average width, average depth, average length, and maximal length of the cracks in the investigated areas followed S4 (Paspalum) > S3 (Conyza Canadensis) > S2 (Bermuda grass); (3) the maximal crack length in the area S2 (Bermuda grass) was the shortest, which was approximately one-seventh and one-eighth of those in the areas S3 (Conyza Canadensis) and S4 (Paspalum), respectively; and (4) the maximal width and depth of the cracks followed S3 (Conyza Canadensis) > S4 (Paspalum) > S2 (Bermuda grass).
ISSN: 1661-7827
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph19127248
Schools: School of Civil and Environmental Engineering 
Rights: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// 4.0/).
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:CEE Journal Articles

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