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Title: Spatially dispersed one-dimensional carbon architecture on oxide framework for oxygen electrochemistry
Authors: Devi, Hemam Rachna
Bisen, Omeshwari Yadorao
Chen, Zhong
Nanda, Karuna Kar
Keywords: Engineering::Materials
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Devi, H. R., Bisen, O. Y., Chen, Z. & Nanda, K. K. (2022). Spatially dispersed one-dimensional carbon architecture on oxide framework for oxygen electrochemistry. Chemical Engineering Journal, 433, 133649-.
Project: RG15/16 
Journal: Chemical Engineering Journal 
Abstract: The rational design of bifunctional electrocatalyst is important for sustainable energy storage and conversion devices such as metal-air batteries and fuel cells. Herein, we have designed a unique architecture where carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are supported on an oxide template. NiCo encapsulated N-doped carbon nanotubes were grown vertically outward from the nickel–cobalt oxide flowers for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). The hybrid shows enhanced water oxidation performance (321 mV at 10 mA/cm2) and decent ORR activity (E1/2 at 0.75 V vs RHE) due to better conductivity and a large electrochemical surface area. Enhanced OER activity can be ascribed to high Ni and Ni3+ content whereas improved ORR activity results from enhanced active nitrogen species (pyridinic, M−Nx and graphitic) and higher water contact angle (due to unique architecture). Further, reversible oxygen electrochemistry with Δ E = 0.80 V indicates its potential as a bifunctional electrocatalyst. The hybrid electrocatalyst has shown good operational stability and durability for OER and ORR. Finally, the practical feasibility as cathode catalyst for metal-air battery has been demonstrated by powering a light emitting diode.
ISSN: 1385-8947
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2021.133649
Schools: School of Materials Science and Engineering 
Rights: © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This paper was published in Chemical Engineering Journal and is made available with permission of Elsevier B.V.
Fulltext Permission: embargo_20240408
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:MSE Journal Articles

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