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Title: Experiential learning of cultural norms: the role of implicit and explicit aptitudes
Authors: Savani, Krishna 
Morris, Michael W.
Fincher, Katrina
Lu, Jackson G.
Kaufman, Scott Barry
Keywords: Business::Management
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Savani, K., Morris, M. W., Fincher, K., Lu, J. G. & Kaufman, S. B. (2022). Experiential learning of cultural norms: the role of implicit and explicit aptitudes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 123(2), 272-291.
Project: MOE2013-T2-2-059 
Journal: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 
Abstract: How should I greet her? Should I do what he requests? Newcomers to a culture learn its interpersonal norms at varying rates, largely through trial-and-error experience. Given that the culturally correct response often depends on conditions that are subtle and complex, we propose that newcomers' rate of acculturation depends on not only their explicit aptitude (e.g., reasoning ability) but also their implicit aptitude (e.g., pattern recognition ability). In Studies 1-3, participants experienced a range of influence situations sourced from a foreign culture. Across many trials, they decided whether or not to comply and then received accuracy feedback (based on what a majority of locals indicated to be the appropriate action in each situation). Across the 3 studies, stronger implicit aptitude was associated with greater improvement from trial-and-error experience, whereas stronger explicit aptitude was not. In Studies 4-6, participants experienced a range of greeting situations from a foreign culture. Across many trials, implicit aptitude predicted experiential learning, especially under conditions that impede reasoning: multiple cues, subliminal feedback, or inconsistent feedback. Study 7 found that the predictiveness of implicit aptitude was weaker under a condition that impedes associative processing: delayed feedback. These findings highlight the important role of implicit aptitude in helping people learn interpersonal norms from trial-and-error experience, particularly because in real-life intercultural interactions, the relevant cues are often complex, and the feedback is often fleeting and inconsistent but immediate.
ISSN: 0022-3514
DOI: 10.1037/pspa0000290
Schools: Nanyang Business School 
Research Centres: Culture Science Innovations Center
Rights: © 2022 American Psychological Association. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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