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Title: Membrane fouling mechanisms by BSA in aqueous-organic solvent mixtures
Authors: Tanis-Kanbur, Melike Begum
Tamilselvam, Navin Raj
Chew, Jia Wei
Keywords: Engineering::Chemical engineering
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Tanis-Kanbur, M. B., Tamilselvam, N. R. & Chew, J. W. (2022). Membrane fouling mechanisms by BSA in aqueous-organic solvent mixtures. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 108, 389-399.
Project: A20B3a0070
Journal: Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Abstract: To exploit the benefits of membrane-based separation for the pharmaceutical and chemical industries, the understanding of membrane fouling in organic solvents is crucial. Specifically for the separation of biocatalysts in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, this study investigated membrane fouling by bovine serum albumin (BSA) in 10% v/v isopropanol (IPA), 10% v/v dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), 30% v/v IPA, and 30% v/v DMSO, benchmarked against that in water. The presence of either IPA or DMSO worsened fouling, with the latter comparatively worse. To understand the fouling mechanisms, Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) images were taken to assess external fouling, Evapoporometry (EP) was used to measure the pore-size distributions of the fouled membranes to examine internal fouling, a fouling model was applied to extract the fouling parameters, and the interfacial interaction energies were derived. Results indicate that the worst fouling in 30% v/v DMSO was due to both significant external fouling and internal fouling, whereas the second-worst fouling by 30% v/v IPA was caused predominantly by internal fouling. The magnitudes of the total DLVO- and XDLVO-based interaction energies were found to be poorly related to the relative flux declines. This study provides valuable insights into membrane fouling in different solvent environments.
ISSN: 1226-086X
DOI: 10.1016/j.jiec.2022.01.017
Rights: © 2022 The Korean Society of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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