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Title: 白居易妓女诗 = Bai Juyi's courtesan poems
Authors: 黄婷恩 Ng, Ting Ern
Keywords: Humanities::Language::Chinese
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Nanyang Technological University
Source: 黄婷恩 Ng, T. E. (2022). 白居易妓女诗 = Bai Juyi's courtesan poems. Final Year Project (FYP), Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Abstract: 中国古代妓女经常被当作出卖肉体的性工作者而遭到鄙视,并认为妓女是个低贱 的职业。然而唐代的妓女不同于其他朝代。她们不仅有着美丽的外表,还身怀技艺, 并具有极高的文学涵养。对此,唐代妓女们广泛地受文人群体的青睐,她们经常被视 为文人心灵与文学上的最佳伴侣。唐代妓女与文人群体的密切关系是当朝社会的特殊文化现象,而白居易作为唐代著名的诗人,亦与妓女来往频繁,并经常将妓女纳入作品中。妓女诗成为白居易的情感写照,也反映了他独特的女性观。本文介绍古代妓业和唐代妓女的特色,再以白居易的妓女诗作为媒介,列出不同的妓女诗类别,分析妓女诗所含有的丰富文化内涵。同时结合文本分析与男性凝视解析白居易于长安与“四州”中的妓女形象,再依据他不同时期所写的妓女诗归纳其具有进步性的女性观。最后,本文也将分析唐代妓女和文人之间的微妙关系,再透过与李贺妓女诗的比 较分析以凸显白氏妓女诗的特殊之处。 Courtesans in ancient China were often despised as sex workers who traded their bodies for money, and therefore considered them as part of a low-level profession. However, courtesans during the Tang Dynasty were much different from those that came from other dynasties. They are not only beautiful in appearance, but also possess musical skills and high levels of literacy. In this regard, courtesans in the Tang Dynasty were widely favored by intellectuals, and were often regarded as their best companions in terms of being a confidant and literary counterpart. The close relationship between courtesans and intellectuals in the Tang Dynasty was a special cultural phenomenon during that time. Bai Juyi, a famous poet in the Tang Dynasty, also had frequent contact with courtesans and often included them in the writing of his works. Bai Juyi's courtesan poems often reflected his personal emotions as well as his unique view on women. This paper will introduce ancient China's courtesan industry and the special characteristics of courtesans in the Tang Dynasty. Bai Juyi's courtesan poems will then be utilised as a medium to list out various types of courtesan poems and its cultural themes, which then shows the rich cultural connotations contained within. At the same time, this paper uses textual analysis and the male gaze theory to deconstruct Bai Juyi's imagery of courtesans in poems written during the Chang'an and “Four States” period. Furthermore, distinctive characteristics will be collated based on the courtesan poems he has written in different periods, which will then reflect Bai Juyi’s progressive view of women. Lastly, this paper will also focus on analyzing the interesting relationship between courtesans and intellectuals in the Tang Dynasty. Furthermore, unique characteristics of Bai Juyi's courtesan poems will be accentuated through the comparison with Li He's courtesan poems.
Schools: School of Humanities 
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SoH Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)

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