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Title: Planning for modular-vehicle transit service system: model formulation and solution methods
Authors: Tian, Qingyun
Lin, Yun Hui
Wang, David Zhi Wei
Liu, Yang
Keywords: Engineering::Civil engineering
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Tian, Q., Lin, Y. H., Wang, D. Z. W. & Liu, Y. (2022). Planning for modular-vehicle transit service system: model formulation and solution methods. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 138, 103627-.
Project: MOE2017-T2-2-093
Journal: Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies
Abstract: This paper studies the optimal planning of public transit services with modular vehicles. In the modular service operation, the vehicle is comprised of smaller modular units/pods, which can be assembled/dissembled at some specially designed transit stations. The planning decisions are to determine the locations of the specially constructed stations enabling station-wise assembling/dissembling of modular units. Meanwhile, the capacity of these stations, i.e., the maximum number of modular units that can be accommodated, will also be determined. The optimal vehicle formation at these stations will be considered for the multi-period passenger demand to evaluate the system performance. Aiming to minimize the total cost of the operator and passengers, we formulate this problem into a mixed-integer nonlinear program (MINLP). Two solution methods are proposed to solve the problem. One is to transform the formulated MINLP into a mixed-integer linear program (MILP) using various linearization reformulation techniques, which can be solved by using many existing solution methods for MILP. Despite that this method ensures exact solutions, its solution efficiency is compromised. To solve a practical large-size problem, we propose another solution method applying surrogate model-based optimization approaches. A case study in the context of a proposed Singapore dynamic autonomous road transit (DART) line is conducted. Numerical experiments have been carried out to test the validity of the model formulation and the solution performance of the proposed solution methods. The advantage of the modular-vehicle transit service in significantly reducing the operating cost and passengers’ travel time costs has been demonstrated as well. This study offers the public transportation planners a useful tool for determining optimal operation strategies for the future transit service system with modular vehicles.
ISSN: 0968-090X
DOI: 10.1016/j.trc.2022.103627
Rights: © 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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