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dc.contributor.authorYu, Zhongzhengen_US
dc.contributor.authorLim, Chang-Keunen_US
dc.contributor.authorChan, Wen Kiaten_US
dc.contributor.authorChen, Yuen_US
dc.contributor.authorShao, Weien_US
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Yanen_US
dc.contributor.authorPrasad, Paras N.en_US
dc.contributor.authorTan, Timothy Thatt Yangen_US
dc.identifier.citationYu, Z., Lim, C., Chan, W. K., Chen, Y., Shao, W., Zhang, Y., Prasad, P. N. & Tan, T. T. Y. (2021). Dye-sensitized lanthanide-doped upconversion nanoparticles for water detection in organic solvents. ACS Applied Nano Materials, 4(12), 14069-14076.
dc.description.abstractThe use of fluorescent probes to detect water content in organic solvents is highly desirable in chemical industries. Optimal fluorescent probes are expected to achieve rapid tests with a high sensitivity. Most existing fluorescent probes use water as a quencher to turn off the fluorescence and are not able to detect water in very low concentrations. We report a nanoformulation containing lanthanide-doped upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) coated with a very high concentration of ICG to detect water content in organic solvents via a turn-on process with an ultrahigh sensitivity at the ppm level. It is based on our unexpected observation that UCNPs coupled to a high concentration of ICG dye and dispersed in an organic solvent exhibit enhancement of emission upon addition of water. A turn-off detection process can also be achieved when the water content is higher (>0.2% v/v, 2000 ppm). We propose the underlying sensitization mechanism as involving the interaction of polar water with ICG, influencing the quenching between dye molecules and energy transfer from dye molecules to UCNPs. We hope our approach could provide a guide for the design of fluorescent nanosensors for water detection in organic solvents and also deepen the understanding of the energy transfer processes from organic dye to UCNPs.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipMinistry of Education (MOE)en_US
dc.relationRG128/19 (S)en_US
dc.relationMOE 2016-T3-1-004en_US
dc.relation.ispartofACS Applied Nano Materialsen_US
dc.rights© 2021 American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.subjectEngineering::Chemical engineeringen_US
dc.titleDye-sensitized lanthanide-doped upconversion nanoparticles for water detection in organic solventsen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Chemical and Biomedical Engineeringen_US
dc.description.acknowledgementThis work was financially supported by the Ministry of Education of Singapore Tier 1 grant (RG128/19 (S)), the Ministry of Education of Singapore Tier 3 grant (MOE 2016- T3-1-004), and Shenzhen Basic Research Project (JCYJ20190808160207366). The work at the Institute for Lasers, Photonics and Biophotonics was supported by the Office of Vice President for Research and Economic Development at the University at Buffalo. W.S. thanks the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51802281).en_US
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