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Title: Circular economy-driven ammonium recovery from municipal wastewater: state of the art, challenges and solutions forward
Authors: Zhang, Xiaoyuan
Liu, Yu
Keywords: Engineering::Environmental engineering
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Zhang, X. & Liu, Y. (2021). Circular economy-driven ammonium recovery from municipal wastewater: state of the art, challenges and solutions forward. Bioresource Technology, 334, 125231-.
Journal: Bioresource Technology
Abstract: In current biological nitrogen removal (BNR) processes, most of ammonium in municipal wastewater is biologically transformed to nitrogen gas, making ammonium recovery impossible. Thus, this article aims to provide a holistic review with in-depth discussions on (i) current BNR processes for municipal wastewater treatment, (ii) environmental and economic costs behind ammonium in municipal wastewater, (iii) state of the art of ammonium recovery from municipal wastewater including anaerobic membrane bioreactor turning municipal wastewater to a liquid fertilizer, capturing ammonium in phototrophic biomass, waste activated sludge for land application, bioelectrochemical systems, biological conversion of ammonium to nitrous oxide as a fuel oxidizer, and adsorption, (iv) feasibility and challenge of adsorption for ammonium recovery from municipal wastewater and (v) innovative municipal wastewater reclamation processes coupled with ammonium recovery. Moving forward, municipal wastewater reclamation and resource recovery should be addressed under the framework of circular economy.
ISSN: 0960-8524
DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2021.125231
Schools: School of Civil and Environmental Engineering 
Research Centres: Advanced Environmental Biotechnology Centre (AEBC) 
Nanyang Environment and Water Research Institute 
Rights: © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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