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Title: An international cross-sectional investigation on social media, fitspiration content exposure, and related risks during the COVID-19 self-isolation period
Authors: Cataldo, Ilaria
Burkauskas, Julius
Dores, Artemisa R.
Carvalho, Irene P.
Simonato, Pierluigi
De Luca, Ilaria
Gómez-Martínez, Maria Ángeles
Melero-Ventola, Alejandra Rebeca
Demetrovics, Zsolt
Szabo, Attila
Ábel, Krisztina Edina
Shibata, Mami
Kobayashi, Kei
Fujiwara, Hironobu
Arroyo-Anlló, Eva Maria
Martinotti, Giovanni
Barbosa, Fernando
Griskova-Bulanova, Inga
Pranckeviciene, Aiste
Bowden-Jones, Henrietta
Esposito, Gianluca
Corazza, Ornella
Keywords: Social sciences::Psychology
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Cataldo, I., Burkauskas, J., Dores, A. R., Carvalho, I. P., Simonato, P., De Luca, I., Gómez-Martínez, M. Á., Melero-Ventola, A. R., Demetrovics, Z., Szabo, A., Ábel, K. E., Shibata, M., Kobayashi, K., Fujiwara, H., Arroyo-Anlló, E. M., Martinotti, G., Barbosa, F., Griskova-Bulanova, I., Pranckeviciene, A., ...Corazza, O. (2022). An international cross-sectional investigation on social media, fitspiration content exposure, and related risks during the COVID-19 self-isolation period. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 148, 34-44.
Journal: Journal of Psychiatric Research 
Abstract: With the global COVID-19 pandemic, governments from many countries in the world implemented various restrictions to prevent the SARS-Cov-2 virus's spread, including social distancing measures, quarantine, in-home lockdown, and the closure of services and public spaces. This led to an in-creased use of social media platforms to make people feel more connected, but also to maintain physical activity while self-isolating. Concerns about physical appearance and the desire to keep or reach a muscular and toned ideal body, might have further reinforced the engagement in fitness-related social media activities, like sharing progresses in training achievements or following more fitness contents on popular profiles. To better understand the underlying relation among these factors, the present study investigates 729 responses to the Exercise Addiction Inventory (EAI), the Appearance Anxiety Inventory (AAI), the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) and their association to social media usage and compares the results cross-culturally in five countries (Spain, Lithuania, United Kingdom, Japan, and Hungary). Findings highlight significant differences between males and females, espe-cially in regard to the time spent online (U = 477.5, p = 0.036). Greater levels of appearance anxiety were associated with the exposure to fitness-related contents on social media. These results strongly confirm the previously highlighted association between fitspiration media and body image anxiety predominantly in females. Clinical implications and future considerations in terms of prevention and treatment in a situation of global emergency are also discussed.
ISSN: 0022-3956
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2022.01.032
Schools: School of Social Sciences 
Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine (LKCMedicine) 
Rights: © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:LKCMedicine Journal Articles
SSS Journal Articles

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