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dc.contributor.authorCataldo, Ilariaen_US
dc.contributor.authorBurkauskas, Juliusen_US
dc.contributor.authorDores, Artemisa R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCarvalho, Irene P.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSimonato, Pierluigien_US
dc.contributor.authorDe Luca, Ilariaen_US
dc.contributor.authorGómez-Martínez, Maria Ángelesen_US
dc.contributor.authorMelero-Ventola, Alejandra Rebecaen_US
dc.contributor.authorDemetrovics, Zsolten_US
dc.contributor.authorSzabo, Attilaen_US
dc.contributor.authorÁbel, Krisztina Edinaen_US
dc.contributor.authorShibata, Mamien_US
dc.contributor.authorKobayashi, Keien_US
dc.contributor.authorFujiwara, Hironobuen_US
dc.contributor.authorArroyo-Anlló, Eva Mariaen_US
dc.contributor.authorMartinotti, Giovannien_US
dc.contributor.authorBarbosa, Fernandoen_US
dc.contributor.authorGriskova-Bulanova, Ingaen_US
dc.contributor.authorPranckeviciene, Aisteen_US
dc.contributor.authorBowden-Jones, Henriettaen_US
dc.contributor.authorEsposito, Gianlucaen_US
dc.contributor.authorCorazza, Ornellaen_US
dc.identifier.citationCataldo, I., Burkauskas, J., Dores, A. R., Carvalho, I. P., Simonato, P., De Luca, I., Gómez-Martínez, M. Á., Melero-Ventola, A. R., Demetrovics, Z., Szabo, A., Ábel, K. E., Shibata, M., Kobayashi, K., Fujiwara, H., Arroyo-Anlló, E. M., Martinotti, G., Barbosa, F., Griskova-Bulanova, I., Pranckeviciene, A., ...Corazza, O. (2022). An international cross-sectional investigation on social media, fitspiration content exposure, and related risks during the COVID-19 self-isolation period. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 148, 34-44.
dc.description.abstractWith the global COVID-19 pandemic, governments from many countries in the world implemented various restrictions to prevent the SARS-Cov-2 virus's spread, including social distancing measures, quarantine, in-home lockdown, and the closure of services and public spaces. This led to an in-creased use of social media platforms to make people feel more connected, but also to maintain physical activity while self-isolating. Concerns about physical appearance and the desire to keep or reach a muscular and toned ideal body, might have further reinforced the engagement in fitness-related social media activities, like sharing progresses in training achievements or following more fitness contents on popular profiles. To better understand the underlying relation among these factors, the present study investigates 729 responses to the Exercise Addiction Inventory (EAI), the Appearance Anxiety Inventory (AAI), the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) and their association to social media usage and compares the results cross-culturally in five countries (Spain, Lithuania, United Kingdom, Japan, and Hungary). Findings highlight significant differences between males and females, espe-cially in regard to the time spent online (U = 477.5, p = 0.036). Greater levels of appearance anxiety were associated with the exposure to fitness-related contents on social media. These results strongly confirm the previously highlighted association between fitspiration media and body image anxiety predominantly in females. Clinical implications and future considerations in terms of prevention and treatment in a situation of global emergency are also discussed.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Psychiatric Researchen_US
dc.rights© 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
dc.subjectSocial sciences::Psychologyen_US
dc.titleAn international cross-sectional investigation on social media, fitspiration content exposure, and related risks during the COVID-19 self-isolation perioden_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Social Sciencesen_US
dc.contributor.schoolLee Kong Chian School of Medicine (LKCMedicine)en_US
dc.description.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.description.acknowledgementThis publication is based upon work from the European Network for Problematic Usage of the Internet, supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology; CA16207). This research was also supported by Fundaç ̃ao para a Ciˆencia e Tecnologia (FCT) through R&D Units funding (UIDB/05210/2020). ZD’s contribution was supported by the Hungarian National Research, Development, and Innovation Office (KKP126835; K134807; ELTE Thematic Excellence Programme, 2020; KP2020-IKA-05). HF’s contribution was supported by “Grant-in-Aid” by the Smoking Research Foundation.en_US
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