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Title: Preparation of superhydrophobic nanoplate iron oxide surface on a carbon steel for anti-wetting applications
Authors: Cao, Xiaofei
Zhang, Yaozhong
Hu, Wei
Zheng, Huaan
Dan, Yong
Hu, Jun
Chen, Zhong
Keywords: Engineering::Materials
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Cao, X., Zhang, Y., Hu, W., Zheng, H., Dan, Y., Hu, J. & Chen, Z. (2021). Preparation of superhydrophobic nanoplate iron oxide surface on a carbon steel for anti-wetting applications. Materials & Design, 211, 110169-.
Journal: Materials & Design 
Abstract: A simple route to fabricate a surface layer comprising Fe3O4 nanoplates on a carbon steel has been successfully demonstrated using etching treatment followed by annealing in oxygen atmosphere. Different sizes of the Fe3O4 (3 1 1) exposed nanoplates can be fabricated by varying the annealing temperature. Density Function Theory (DFT) calculation proved that the energy of Fe3O4 (3 1 1) surface was the lowest among all exposed facets, which make it most stable. The superhydrophobicity has been realized after modification with trimethoxy silane (HFTMS). Molecular dynamic simulation was further carried out to verify the excellent anti-wettability of the modified surface. In addition, the superhydrophobic surface exhibited a low adhesion with water and displays excellent performance in anti-corrosion, anti-icing and self-cleaning.
ISSN: 0261-3069
DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2021.110169
Schools: School of Materials Science and Engineering 
Rights: © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:MSE Journal Articles

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