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Title: Rationally trust, but emotionally? The roles of cognitive and affective trust in laypeople's acceptance of AI for preventive care operations
Authors: Kyung, Nakyung
Kwon, Eric Hyeokkoo
Keywords: Business::Information technology
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Kyung, N. & Kwon, E. H. (2022). Rationally trust, but emotionally? The roles of cognitive and affective trust in laypeople's acceptance of AI for preventive care operations. Production and Operations Management.
Project: NTU-SUG 
Journal: Production and Operations Management 
Abstract: Artificial intelligence (AI) is transforming healthcare operations. Nevertheless, particularly in the context of preventive care, little is known about how laypeople perceive and accept AI and change their behavior accordingly. Grounded in a solid theoretical framework of trust, this study bridges this gap by exploring individuals’ acceptance of AI-based preventive health interventions and following health behavior change, which is critical for preventive care providers’ operational and business performance. Through a randomized field experiment with 15,000 users of a mobile health app complemented by a survey, we first show that the use and disclosure of AI in preventive health interventions improve their effectiveness. However, individuals are less likely to accept and achieve the health behavior change suggested by AI than when they receive similar interventions from health experts. We also observe that the effectiveness of AI-based interventions can be improved by combining them with human expert opinions, increasing their algorithmic transparency, or emphasizing their genuine care and warmth. These results collectively suggest that, different from conventional technologies, AI's deficient affective trust, rather than comparable cognitive trust, play a decisive role in the acceptance of AI-based preventive health interventions. This study sheds light on the literature on the role of new-age information technologies in behavioral operations management, consumer marketing, and healthcare as well as the role of trust in technology acceptance. Valuable practical implications for more effective management of AI for preventive care operations and promotion of consumers’ health behavior are also provided.
ISSN: 1059-1478
DOI: 10.1111/poms.13785
Schools: Nanyang Business School 
Rights: © 2022 Production and Operations Management Society.This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Production and Operations Management Society for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Production and Operations Managemen.
Fulltext Permission: embargo_20240707
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:NBS Journal Articles

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