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|Title:||Timing of emergence of modern rates of sea-level rise by 1863||Authors:||Walker, Jennifer S.
Kopp, Robert E.
Little, Christopher M.
Horton, Benjamin Peter
|Keywords:||Engineering::Environmental engineering||Issue Date:||2022||Source:||Walker, J. S., Kopp, R. E., Little, C. M. & Horton, B. P. (2022). Timing of emergence of modern rates of sea-level rise by 1863. Nature Communications, 13(1), 966-. https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-022-28564-6||Project:||MOE2019-T3-1-004
|Journal:||Nature Communications||Abstract:||Sea-level rise is a significant indicator of broader climate changes, and the time of emergence concept can be used to identify when modern rates of sea-level rise emerged above background variability. Yet a range of estimates of the timing persists both globally and regionally. Here, we use a global database of proxy sea-level records of the Common Era (0-2000 CE) and show that globally, it is very likely that rates of sea-level rise emerged above pre-industrial rates by 1863 CE (P = 0.9; range of 1825 [P = 0.66] to 1873 CE [P = 0.95]), which is similar in timing to evidence for early ocean warming and glacier melt. The time of emergence in the North Atlantic reveals a distinct spatial pattern, appearing earliest in the mid-Atlantic region (1872-1894 CE) and later in Canada and Europe (1930-1964 CE). Regional and local sea-level changes occurring over different time periods drive the spatial pattern in emergence, suggesting regional processes underlie centennial-timescale sea-level variability over the Common Era.||URI:||https://hdl.handle.net/10356/163241||ISSN:||2041-1723||DOI:||10.1038/s41467-022-28564-6||Rights:||© The Author(s) 2022. Open Access. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by/4.0/.||Fulltext Permission:||open||Fulltext Availability:||With Fulltext|
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