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Title: Characteristic parameters of photonic nanojets of single dielectric microspheres illuminated by focused broadband radiation
Authors: Mandal, Amartya
Tiwari, Pragya
Upputuri, Paul Kumar
Dantham, Venkata R.
Keywords: Engineering::Chemical engineering
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Mandal, A., Tiwari, P., Upputuri, P. K. & Dantham, V. R. (2022). Characteristic parameters of photonic nanojets of single dielectric microspheres illuminated by focused broadband radiation. Scientific Reports, 12(1), 173-.
Journal: Scientific Reports 
Abstract: Herein, we report the theoretical investigation on the photonic nanojets (PNJs) of single dielectric microspheres illuminated by focused broadband radiation (polychromatic light) from a Halogen lamp, supercontinuum source, light-emitting diode, and Hg arc lamp. The role of incident beam waist, refractive index of the surrounding medium, and radius of the microsphere on the characteristic parameters such as the electric field intensity enhancement, effective width, and length of the PNJ is studied. Interestingly, the characteristic parameters of the PNJs of solid microspheres obtained for the above-mentioned broadband radiation sources are found close to those observed for the focused monochromatic radiation of wavelengths which are near to the central wavelengths of the sources. Moreover, the characteristic parameters of PNJs of the core-shell microspheres of different thicknesses (t) illuminated by polychromatic radiation from most commonly used sources such as Halogen and Hg arc lamps are studied. For each t value, a suitable wavelength of monochromatic radiation has been found to generate the PNJ with characteristic parameters which are close to those obtained in the case of polychromatic radiation. We believe that the analytical theory and the theoretical simulations reported here would be useful for researchers who work in the fields such as PNJ assisted photoacoustic spectroscopy, white light nanoscopy, low-coherence phase-shifting interference microscopy, and Mirau interferometry.
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-03610-3
Schools: School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering 
Rights: © The Author(s) 2022. Open Access. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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