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Title: Exploring the magnetohydrodynamic stretched flow of Williamson Maxwell nanofluid through porous matrix over a permeated sheet with bioconvection and activation energy
Authors: Abdal, Sohaib
Siddique, Imran
Alrowaili, Dalal
Al-Mdallal, Qasem
Hussain, Sajjad
Keywords: Engineering::Mechanical engineering
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Abdal, S., Siddique, I., Alrowaili, D., Al-Mdallal, Q. & Hussain, S. (2022). Exploring the magnetohydrodynamic stretched flow of Williamson Maxwell nanofluid through porous matrix over a permeated sheet with bioconvection and activation energy. Scientific Reports, 12(1), 278-.
Journal: Scientific Reports
Abstract: The evolution of compact density heat gadgets demands effective thermal transportation. The notion of nanofluid plays active role for this requirements. A comparative account for Maxwell nanofluids and Williamson nanofluid is analyzed. The bioconvection of self motive microorganisms, non Fourier heat flux and activation energy are new aspects of this study. This article elaborates the effects of viscous dissipation, Cattaneo-Christov diffusion for Maxwell and Williamson nanofluid transportation that occurs due to porous stretching sheet. The higher order non-linear partial differential equations are solved by using similarity transformations and a new set of ordinary differential equations is formed. For numerical purpose, Runge-Kutta method with shooting technique is applied. Matlab plateform is used for computational procedure. The graphs for various profiles .i.e. velocity, temperature, concentration and concentration of motile micro-organisms are revealed for specific non-dimensional parameters. It is observed that enhancing the magnetic parameter M, the velocity of fluid decreases but opposite behavior happens for temperature, concentration and motile density profile. Also the motile density profile decrease down for Pe and Lb. The skin friction coefficient is enhanced for both the Williamson and Maxwell fluid.
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-04581-1
Schools: School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 
Rights: © The Author(s) 2022. Open Access. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:MAE Journal Articles

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