Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/163391
Title: Experiencing organ failure in virtual reality: effects of self- versus other-embodied perspective taking on empathy and prosocial outcomes
Authors: Li, Benjamin Junting
Kim, Hye Kyung
Keywords: Social sciences::Mass media
Issue Date: 2021
Source: Li, B. J. & Kim, H. K. (2021). Experiencing organ failure in virtual reality: effects of self- versus other-embodied perspective taking on empathy and prosocial outcomes. New Media and Society, 23(8), 2144-2166. https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1461444821993122
Journal: New Media and Society
Abstract: This study capitalizes on the unique capability of virtual reality (VR) to examine the efficacy of self- versus other-embodied perspective taking in promoting kidney donation in Singapore. The study used a 2 (self- vs other-embodied) × 2 (mirror vs photo presentation) between-subjects VR experiment (N = 128), wherein participants played the role of a patient needing a kidney donation, either as themselves or as a typical organ-failure patient. Our findings showed that self-embodied perspective taking triggered self-oriented emotions (i.e. personal distress) and subsequently egoistic motivations that resulted in alternative prosocial behaviors (e.g. monetary donation, volunteering) than kidney donation. We found that embodying the other, rather than the self, had the practical benefit of inducing other-oriented emotions (i.e. empathy) and hence altruistic motivations that promoted kidney donation. This study clarified the conditions under which embodied perspective taking promoted different prosocial outcomes, and the specific mechanisms through which it achieved those outcomes.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/163391
ISSN: 1461-4448
DOI: 10.1177/1461444821993122
Schools: Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information 
Rights: © 2021 The Author(s). All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
Appears in Collections:WKWSCI Journal Articles

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