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Title: Social media use in female adolescents: associations with anxiety, loneliness, and sleep disturbances
Authors: Azhari, Atiqah
Toms, Zoe
Pavlopoulou, Georgia
Esposito, Gianluca
Dimitriou, Dagmara
Keywords: Social sciences::Psychology
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Azhari, A., Toms, Z., Pavlopoulou, G., Esposito, G. & Dimitriou, D. (2022). Social media use in female adolescents: associations with anxiety, loneliness, and sleep disturbances. Acta Psychologica, 229, 103706-.
Journal: Acta Psychologica 
Abstract: Social Media Disorder (SMD) is characterised by the intense and excessive use of social media. Although previous studies have shown that SMD was associated with poor mental health, research across types of usage and platforms remain limited. Here, we conducted an initial investigation of social media usage across platforms and its relation to anxiety, sleep and loneliness in female adolescents. Forty one 16- to 19-year-old British female adolescents were administered online questionnaires. Intensity of social media activity across Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat and Twitter was measured with the Social Media Disorder Scale. Anxiety was indicated by the Beck Anxiety Inventory Trait, loneliness was examined via a short three-point questionnaire and sleep quality was measured via both the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and self-reported seven-day sleep diaries. Results showed that, compared to those without SMD, users with SMD experienced elevated levels of loneliness and had less sleep on average, and during the weekdays in particular. Only frequency of posting on Facebook, but not general usage, was associated with poorer sleep quality. These preliminary findings showed that social media disorder across platforms and usage could potentially have different associations to mental health and sleep.
ISSN: 0001-6918
DOI: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2022.103706
Schools: School of Social Sciences 
Rights: © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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