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Title: 关中方言的体貌系统 = The aspect of the Guanzhong dialect
Authors: 许丹明 Xu, Danming
Keywords: Humanities::Language::Chinese
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Nanyang Technological University
Source: 许丹明 Xu, D. (2022). 关中方言的体貌系统 = The aspect of the Guanzhong dialect. Master's thesis, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Abstract: 摘要 本文以西安话和咸阳话为代表的关中方言口语语料为调查对象,旨在研究关中方言的体貌系统。通过考察体貌范畴的句法结构和语用功能,对关中方言的体貌标记作深入细致的描写和分析。 本文首先在先贤学者对体貌研究的基础上分析了关中方言口语语料,总结了关中方言的体貌系统。得出关中方言的体标记有:完整体、经历体、完成体、进行体、持续体、起始体、完结体、短时体、反复体和惯常体。其次对关中方言中特定的体标记“咧”、“上”、“下”、“呢”的不同用法分别做了详细的探析和归总。最后还探讨了关中方言里的时制表达与相关标记的用法。 这是一个完全利用自然发生的口语会话语料对关中方言体貌系统做的较为全面系统的考察。我们发现关中方言的体貌系统相较普通话更加完整,体标记也更为丰富。本研究以求真实地反映关中方言的语言面貌,也为汉语方言以及跨语言的体貌研究提供了可资参考的证据。 Abstract This thesis aims to study the aspect system of the Guanzhong dialect. By analyzing spoken data of Guanzhong, represented by the Xi'an and Xianyang branches, this study depicts the aspectual markers by examining their syntactic features and pragmatic functions in depth and detail. This study first analyzed the spoken corpus data of the Guanzhong dialect based on the aspectual system proposed in previous studies (e.g. Comrie 1976, Chen 2008). We found that Guanzhong has aspectual markers for Perfective, Experiential, Perfect, Progressive, Continuous, Initial, Completive, Delimitative, Iterative and Habitual. This study further investigates in detail the different uses of four aspect markers 咧[liɛ0], 上[ʂɑŋ0], 下[xɑ0] and 呢[ȵi0]. Finally, we also discussed the tense expressions and related markers in the Guanzhong dialect. This study is the systematic investigation of the aspectual system of Guanzhong with naturally produced conversation data. It found that the Guanzhong dialect has a more comprehensive aspectual system and more markers for aspect if compared with Standard Mandarin. The data and findings of this study will serve as important references for the studies of aspect in both Chinese dialects and languages in general.
DOI: 10.32657/10356/163612
Schools: School of Humanities 
Rights: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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