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Title: Evaluating the effect of n-butanol additive on particulate matter emission in diesel engine
Authors: Zhu, Qiren
Zong, Yichen
Tan, Yong Ren
Lyu, Jieyao
Yu, Wenbin
Yang, Wenming
Kraft, Markus
Keywords: Engineering::Mechanical engineering
Issue Date: 2023
Source: Zhu, Q., Zong, Y., Tan, Y. R., Lyu, J., Yu, W., Yang, W. & Kraft, M. (2023). Evaluating the effect of n-butanol additive on particulate matter emission in diesel engine. Fuel, 332(Part 1), 126003-.
Project: R-265-000-681-114 
Journal: Fuel 
Abstract: In this study, we perform experiments on a common-rail diesel engine to investigate the effect of diesel/n-butanol blends on particulate matter (PM) emission under pilot-main injection strategy. Three different blends (diesel, D80B20, D50B50) are compared under two distinct loads (∼30 %, ∼60 %) and two injection pressures (40 MPa, 60 MPa). Under identical load and injection pressure, the engine fueled with D80B20 has the longest ignition delay and the shortest combustion duration, resulting in the highest HC emissions. The results indicate that the addition of n-butanol can improve the mixing process of fuel and oxidizer and result in a lower mean chamber temperature. The addition of n-butanol can also reduce NOx emission (up to 25 %) because the lower mean chamber temperature caused by the lower heating value of n-butanol tends to reduce NOx emission although there is extra oxygen content in n-butanol. Moreover, the addition of n-butanol can reduce PM emission (up to 69 %) and the engine with D50B50 under low load has the lowest PM emission. We further sample the soot particles from the engine emission. The result of the Raman spectroscopy investigation of soot samples reveals that n-butanol can increase the oxidative reactivity of the particles and the shorter combustion duration of engine can increase the level of disorder of the particles. The result of FTIR spectra shows that the aromatic C[dbnd]C functional group has the highest signal intensity when the engine is fueled with D80B20 and is diffusion combustion dominated.
ISSN: 0016-2361
DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2022.126003
Schools: School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering 
Organisations: Cambridge Centre for Advanced Research and Education in Singapore
Rights: © 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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