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Title: Grid-connected energy storage systems: state-of-the-art and emerging technologies
Authors: Farivar, Glen G.
Manalastas, William, Jr.
Tafti, Hossein Dehghani
Ceballos, Salvador
Sanchez-Ruiz, Alain
Lovell, Emma C.
Konstantinou, Georgios
Townsend, Christopher D.
Srinivasan, Madhavi
Pou, Josep
Keywords: Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Farivar, G. G., Manalastas, W. J., Tafti, H. D., Ceballos, S., Sanchez-Ruiz, A., Lovell, E. C., Konstantinou, G., Townsend, C. D., Srinivasan, M. & Pou, J. (2022). Grid-connected energy storage systems: state-of-the-art and emerging technologies. Proceedings of the IEEE, 1-24.
Project: NRFI2017-08 
Journal: Proceedings of the IEEE 
Abstract: High penetration of renewable energy resources in the power system results in various new challenges for power system operators. One of the promising solutions to sustain the quality and reliability of the power system is the integration of energy storage systems (ESSs). This article investigates the current and emerging trends and technologies for grid-connected ESSs. Different technologies of ESSs categorized as mechanical, electrical, electrochemical, chemical, and thermal are briefly explained. Especially, a detailed review of battery ESSs (BESSs) is provided as they are attracting much attention owing, in part, to the ongoing electrification of transportation. Then, the services that grid-connected ESSs provide to the grid are discussed. Grid connection of the BESSs requires power electronic converters. Therefore, a survey of popular power converter topologies, including transformer-based, transformerless with distributed or common dc-link, and hybrid systems, along with some discussions for implementing advanced grid support functionalities in the BESS control, is presented. Furthermore, the requirements of new standards and grid codes for grid-connected BESSs are reviewed for several countries around the globe. Finally, emerging technologies, including flexible power control of photovoltaic systems, hydrogen, and second-life batteries from electric vehicles, are discussed in this article.
ISSN: 0018-9219
DOI: 10.1109/JPROC.2022.3183289
Rights: © 2022 IEEE. This journal is 100% open access, which means that all content is freely available without charge to users or their institutions. All articles accepted after 12 June 2019 are published under a CC BY 4.0 license, and the author retains copyright. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, as long as proper attribution is given.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:EEE Journal Articles
ERI@N Journal Articles
MSE Journal Articles

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