Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Monsoonal variations of lead (Pb) in coastal waters around Singapore
Authors: Chen, Mengli
Carrasco, Gonzalo
Park, Edward
Morgan, Kyle
Tay, Serene Hui Xin
Tanzil, Jani
Ooi, Seng Keat
Zhou, Kuanbo
Boyle, Edward A.
Keywords: Engineering::Environmental engineering
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Chen, M., Carrasco, G., Park, E., Morgan, K., Tay, S. H. X., Tanzil, J., Ooi, S. K., Zhou, K. & Boyle, E. A. (2022). Monsoonal variations of lead (Pb) in coastal waters around Singapore. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 179, 113654-.
Project: P03 
RT 06/19 
Journal: Marine Pollution Bulletin 
Abstract: Anthropogenic lead (Pb) has been the overwhelming Pb source to the global ocean, primarily contributed from Pb gasoline and industrial emissions. However, since Pb gasoline has been phased out globally, questions about whether there was a decrease in seawater Pb concentration, or if there are other sources taking over remains unclear in Southeast Asia. Here, combining Pb concentrations in seawater from Singapore Strait in 2010-2017; trap sediment in 2018-2019; and the previously published coral reconstruction covering 1975-2010; we found that the seawater Pb concentration in Singapore Strait over past decades followed the regional gasoline emissions, and no additional major source had contributed the Pb in the seawater since ~2010. The present-day Pb in Singapore Straits' water mainly follows the monsoonal current reversals, with variable degrees of scavenging that peak in inter-monsoon season. Minor Pb sources still contribute to some local-scale variabilities, despite a decadal-scale decreasing trend of Pb in seawater.
ISSN: 0025-326X
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2022.113654
Rights: © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:ASE Journal Articles
EOS Journal Articles

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
1-s2.0-S0025326X22003368-main.pdf4.66 MBAdobe PDFThumbnail

Page view(s)

Updated on Feb 5, 2023


Updated on Feb 5, 2023

Google ScholarTM




Items in DR-NTU are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.