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Title: Between safe havens in cross-border insurgency: Malaysia, Thailand and the Second Emergency (1952–89)
Authors: Ong, Wei Chong
Keywords: Humanities::History
Social sciences::Political science
Issue Date: 2020
Source: Ong, W. C. (2020). Between safe havens in cross-border insurgency: Malaysia, Thailand and the Second Emergency (1952–89). Small Wars & Insurgencies, 31(6), 1349-1372.
Project: 2017-T1-001-127 
Journal: Small Wars & Insurgencies 
Abstract: From a local insurgent movement in the Malayan Emergency (1948–60), the Communist Party of Malaya (CPM) transitioned into a cross-border one in the Second Emergency (1968–89) with regional links and implications. Due to the fixation on the Malayan Emergency period, the transition of the CPM insurgency from local to cross border during the Second Emergency period remains underexplored. This article shows how the CPM insurgency transitioned from a local one in Peninsular Malaysia to a protracted cross border conflict with a safe haven in Southern Thailand and how this significant development allowed the CPM to set the conditions of a persistent slow burn conflict in Southern Thailand that was difficult to defeat by security operations alone. This article also addresses how Malaysia, the counterinsurgent state dealt with the unique set of challenges associated with a cross-border insurgency that was subject to the ebb and flow ‘good neighbourly’ relations with Thailand. Finally, this article examines the negotiation process and how the lessons learnt from the failure of the Baling Peace Talks in 1955 were translated into an enduring peace at Haadyai in 1989.
ISSN: 0959-2318
DOI: 10.1080/09592318.2019.1698176
Schools: S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies 
Rights: © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. All rights reserved. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Small Wars & Insurgencies on 10 Dec 2019, available online:
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:RSIS Journal Articles

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