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Title: Ultra-robust stretchable electrode for e-skin: in situ assembly using a nanofiber scaffold and liquid metal to mimic water-to-net interaction
Authors: Cao, Jinwei
Liang, Fei
Li, Huayang
Li, Xin
Fan, Youjun
Hu, Chao
Yu, Jing
Xu, Jin
Yin, Yiming
Li, Fali
Xu, Dan
Feng, Hanfang
Yang, Huali
Liu, Yiwei
Chen, Xiaodong
Zhu, Guang
Li, Run-Wei
Keywords: Engineering::Materials
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Cao, J., Liang, F., Li, H., Li, X., Fan, Y., Hu, C., Yu, J., Xu, J., Yin, Y., Li, F., Xu, D., Feng, H., Yang, H., Liu, Y., Chen, X., Zhu, G. & Li, R. (2022). Ultra-robust stretchable electrode for e-skin: in situ assembly using a nanofiber scaffold and liquid metal to mimic water-to-net interaction. InfoMat, 4(4), e12302-.
Journal: InfoMat 
Abstract: The development of stretchable electronics could enhance novel interface structures to solve the stretchability–conductivity dilemma, which remains a major challenge. Herein, we report a nano-liquid metal (LM)-based highly robust stretchable electrode (NHSE) with a self-adaptable interface that mimics water-to-net interaction. Based on the in situ assembly of electrospun elastic nanofiber scaffolds and electrosprayed LM nanoparticles, the NHSE exhibits an extremely low sheet resistance of 52 mΩ sq−1. It is not only insensitive to a large degree of mechanical stretching (i.e., 350% electrical resistance change upon 570% elongation) but also immune to cyclic deformation (i.e., 5% electrical resistance increases after 330 000 stretching cycles with 100% elongation). These key properties are far superior to those of the state-of-the-art reports. Its robustness and stability are verified under diverse circumstances, including long-term exposure to air (420 days), cyclic submersion (30 000 times), and resilience against mechanical damages. The combination of conductivity, stretchability, and durability makes the NHSE a promising conductor/electrode solution for flexible/stretchable electronics for applications such as wearable on-body physiological signal detection, human–machine interaction, and heating e-skin.
ISSN: 2567-3165
DOI: 10.1002/inf2.12302
Schools: School of Materials Science and Engineering 
Organisations: Innovative Center for Flexible Devices (iFLEX) 
Research Centres: Max Planck-NTU Joint Lab for Artificial Senses
Rights: © 2022 The Authors. InfoMat published by UESTC and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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