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Title: The Einstein effect provides global evidence for scientific source credibility effects and the influence of religiosity
Authors: Hoogeveen, Suzanne
Haaf, Julia M.
Bulbulia, Joseph A.
Ross, Robert M.
McKay, Ryan
Altay, Sacha
Bendixen, Theiss
Berniūnas, Renatas
Cheshin, Arik
Gentili, Claudio
Georgescu, Raluca
Gervais, Will M.
Hagel, Kristin
Kavanagh, Christopher
Levy, Neil
Neely, Alejandra
Qiu, Lin
Rabelo, André
Ramsay, Jonathan E.
Rutjens, Bastiaan T.
Turpin, Hugh
Uzarevic, Filip
Wuyts, Robin
Xygalatas, Dimitris
van Elk, Michiel
Keywords: Social sciences::Psychology
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Hoogeveen, S., Haaf, J. M., Bulbulia, J. A., Ross, R. M., McKay, R., Altay, S., Bendixen, T., Berniūnas, R., Cheshin, A., Gentili, C., Georgescu, R., Gervais, W. M., Hagel, K., Kavanagh, C., Levy, N., Neely, A., Qiu, L., Rabelo, A., Ramsay, J. E., ...van Elk, M. (2022). The Einstein effect provides global evidence for scientific source credibility effects and the influence of religiosity. Nature Human Behaviour, 6(4), 523-535.
Journal: Nature Human Behaviour
Abstract: People tend to evaluate information from reliable sources more favourably, but it is unclear exactly how perceivers' worldviews interact with this source credibility effect. In a large and diverse cross-cultural sample (N = 10,195 from 24 countries), we presented participants with obscure, meaningless statements attributed to either a spiritual guru or a scientist. We found a robust global source credibility effect for scientific authorities, which we dub 'the Einstein effect': across all 24 countries and all levels of religiosity, scientists held greater authority than spiritual gurus. In addition, individual religiosity predicted a weaker relative preference for the statement from the scientist compared with the spiritual guru, and was more strongly associated with credibility judgements for the guru than the scientist. Independent data on explicit trust ratings across 143 countries mirrored our experimental findings. These findings suggest that irrespective of one's religious worldview, across cultures science is a powerful and universal heuristic that signals the reliability of information.
ISSN: 2397-3374
DOI: 10.1038/s41562-021-01273-8
Schools: School of Social Sciences 
Rights: © 2022 The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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