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Title: Self-transformation online through alternative presentations of self: a review, critique, and call for research
Authors: Walther, Joseph B.
Lew, Zijian
Keywords: Social sciences::Communication
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Walther, J. B. & Lew, Z. (2022). Self-transformation online through alternative presentations of self: a review, critique, and call for research. Annals of the International Communication Association, 46(3), 135-158.
Journal: Annals of the International Communication Association 
Abstract: Communication technologies such as text-based chat, blogs, virtual reality, and avatars allow people to present deviations from their offline personality or appearance, causing changes to their personality perceptions and social behavior. This review of self-transformation through online self-presentation explores two major paradigms–the discursive approach and the embodiment approach–in terms of the theories on which they draw. It also examines differences and inconsistencies within and between these paradigms with respect to six factors that different studies suggest as critical for self-transformation. It reviews empirical research examining these critical factors, and provides a roadmap for future research testing competing explanations and their generality or specificity across digital platforms.
ISSN: 2380-8985
DOI: 10.1080/23808985.2022.2096662
Schools: Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information 
Rights: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:WKWSCI Journal Articles

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