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Title: Synergistic effect of PtNi alloy loading on TiB₂ to construct SMSI catalysing formic acid dehydrogenation
Authors: Zhu, Hongliang
Wong, Roong Jien
Du, Xiangbowen
Du, Leilei
Jin, Zhikang
Qian, KaiCheng
Song, Junjie
Li, Renhong
Liu, Wen
Keywords: Engineering::Materials
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Zhu, H., Wong, R. J., Du, X., Du, L., Jin, Z., Qian, K., Song, J., Li, R. & Liu, W. (2022). Synergistic effect of PtNi alloy loading on TiB₂ to construct SMSI catalysing formic acid dehydrogenation. Sustainable Energy & Fuels, 6(24), 5531-5538.
Journal: Sustainable Energy & Fuels
Abstract: Low-cost and highly active catalysts are attractive for catalysing formic acid (FA) dehydrogenation at room temperature. The PtNi alloy nanoparticles with the characteristic of lattice contraction and synergy effects were loaded on two-dimensional TiB2 by incipient-wetness impregnation. Compared to Pt/TiB2, the substitution of Ni reduces the amount of noble metal required, with the added advantage of significantly improving the catalyst activity by sixteen times. By investigating the various PtNi ratios, the Pt3Ni8/TiB2 (total metal loading = 2.0 wt%) catalyst was found to provide a low activation energy of 27.7 kJ mol(-1) in 10.0 M FA aqueous solution at room temperature. This is the first example of using the alloy supported on TiB2 to achieve strong metal-support interaction (SMSI) to catalyse formic acid dehydrogenation at ambient temperature. XPS and TEM characterisation studies show that higher temperatures induced TiB2 to encapsulate the PtNi NPs, with the TiB2 surfaces serving as the active site for catalysing FA dehydrogenation. The catalytic activity of the obtained Pt3Ni8/TiB2 catalyst for the dehydrogenation of FA was much higher than those of its monometallic counterparts (Pt/TiB2 and Ni/TiB2) prepared by the same method, while demonstrating higher stability against agglomeration and CO poisoning. The excellent catalytic activity and stability of Pt3Ni8/TiB2 were mainly attributed to the presence of the SMSI effect of the catalyst. Additionally, the lattice distortion and local interactions within the ferromagnetic clusters of Pt3Ni8 alloy NPs created a synergistic effect, which resulted in an enhanced SMSI effect throughout the catalyst. This study introduces a new concept that magnetic Ni metal partially replacing noble metals can improve thermal stability and catalytic performance, while enabling facile catalyst recovery. Moreover, this research demonstrates that the controlled synthesis and rational design of 2D reticular crystal structure TiB2-supported alloy NPs may provide new opportunities to enhance the catalytic activity and improve the SMSI effect of noble metal-based nanostructures.
ISSN: 2398-4902
DOI: 10.1039/D2SE01048H
Schools: School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering 
Organisations: Cambridge Centre for Advanced Research and Education
Rights: © 2022 The Royal Society of Chemistry. All rights reserved. This paper was published in Sustainable Energy & Fuels and is made available with permission of The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SCBE Journal Articles

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