Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/164455
Title: The parliament and cooperative oversight of the indonesian armed forces: why civil–military relations in Indonesia is stable but still in transition
Authors: Ng, Jefferson
Kurniawan, Yudha
Keywords: Social sciences::Political science
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Ng, J. & Kurniawan, Y. (2022). The parliament and cooperative oversight of the indonesian armed forces: why civil–military relations in Indonesia is stable but still in transition. Armed Forces & Society. https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0095327X221137281
Journal: Armed Forces & Society 
Abstract: Parliamentary oversight is a cornerstone of democratic control of the armed forces, but its influence on civil–military relations (CMR) remains underexplored. We argue that parliaments in transitioning democracies face unique structural challenges in developing robust oversight of the military compared to advanced democracies. We developed a typology of three distinctive types of parliamentary oversight and proposed that cooperative oversight potentially offers a solution to structural challenges faced by parliaments in transitioning democracies. In our case study of Indonesia, cooperative oversight promoted harmonious working relations between the Parliament and the military/executive, stabilizing CMR. However, cooperative oversight also stalled civil–military reforms, eroded democratic management of the defense sector, and reinforced an unhealthy dependence on the military to self-regulate and the President’s appointment power of the armed forces’ commander. Over the longer term, we believe that the Indonesian Parliament needs to incorporate a mix of oversight strategies and raise its institutional capacity to strengthen oversight of the defence sector.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/164455
ISSN: 0095-327X
DOI: 10.1177/0095327X221137281
Schools: S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies 
Rights: © 2022 The Author(s). All rights reserved. This paper was published in Armed Forces & Society and is made available with permission of The Author(s).
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:RSIS Journal Articles

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