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Title: Mechanics of shape-locking-governed R2G adhesion with shape memory polymers
Authors: Linghu, Changhong
Yang, Xudong
Liu, Yangchengyi
Li, Dong
Gao, Huajian
Hsia, K. Jimmy
Keywords: Engineering::Mechanical engineering
Issue Date: 2023
Source: Linghu, C., Yang, X., Liu, Y., Li, D., Gao, H. & Hsia, K. J. (2023). Mechanics of shape-locking-governed R2G adhesion with shape memory polymers. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 170, 105091-.
Project: T2EP50122-0005
NTU-SUG 002271-00001
NTU-SUG 002479-00001
Journal: Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids
Abstract: Shape memory polymers (SMPs), with unique properties such as tunable elastic modulus, temporary shape locking and shape recovery upon external stimulation, are emerging as a new class of smart materials with switchable adhesion capabilities. A prominent feature of the adhesion between SMP and a spherical indenter is the so-called R2G adhesion, defined as making contact in the rubbery state to a certain indentation depth followed by detachment in the glassy state. While it has been demonstrated that the R2G adhesion with SMPs can achieve orders of magnitude higher adhesive strength compared to conventional elastic adhesive systems with similar geometrical and adhesion parameters, the fundamental mechanics of R2G adhesion and why it leads to such tremendous adhesion enhancement remain largely mysterious at this point. Here, combined experimental testing, theoretical analysis, and finite element analysis (FEA) based on a thermomechanical constitutive model of SMP are performed to investigate the mechanics of R2G adhesion with a rigid spherical indenter. It is shown that the orders of magnitude enhancement of R2G adhesion over conventional elastic adhesion systems is mostly governed by the shape locking effect during the transition from the rubbery to glassy states. The shape locking effect freezes the deformed configuration of the SMP substrate, resulting in nearly conformal contact between the spherical indenter and the glassy-state SMP substrate, thus greatly increases the effective radius of curvature of the contact surface. Our experimental measurements and FEA analysis demonstrate that the net effect of shape locking leads to a pull-off force of a sphere nearly the same as that of a flat punch on an elastic half-space with the same contact radius. An explicit expression of the pull-off force for R2G adhesion is proposed based on flat-punch adhesion. Our results from combined experimentation, modeling and simulations reveal the fundamental mechanics of R2G adhesion. Such understanding provides guidance for the design of SMP smart adhesives.
ISSN: 0022-5096
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmps.2022.105091
Schools: School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 
School of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering 
Rights: © 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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