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Title: Investigating Galilean invariance in CFD
Authors: Yeo, Beverley Kai Wen
Keywords: Engineering::Mechanical engineering::Fluid mechanics
Engineering::Aeronautical engineering::Aerodynamics
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Nanyang Technological University
Source: Yeo, B. K. W. (2022). Investigating Galilean invariance in CFD. Master's thesis, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Project: MOE AcRF RG141/20
Abstract: When characterizing a body moving in a quiescent flow, like the case of a cruising aircraft, CFD simulations and wind tunnel tests rely on the Galilean invariance principle, which assumes that the moving body can be equivalently modelled by a stationary body with a freestream velocity equal to the motion velocity of the body. However, the validity of this principle for fluid dynamics has not been comprehensively examined before. To this end, this thesis considers numerical simulations of both scenarios and compares the wake and drag coefficient at two Reynolds numbers of 40, where the flow produces a steady wake, and 400, where an unsteady laminar von Karman vortex street is present. The steady laminar regime represented by the lower Reynolds number shows negligible differences in drag coefficient of the two frames. However, visible differences in the wake of the cylinder were observed. For the unsteady laminar regime represented by the higher Reynolds number, the mean drag coefficient calculated in both reference frames differs by approximately 6%. Additionally, the wake in both frames differs in characteristics and length. Further numerical investigations confirm that these differences are not due to added mass or compressibility effects, thus challenging the assumed invariance of the two reference frames. Future experimental validation is required to prove that the discrepancies are physical and not just numerical artefacts. The Galilean invariance assumption should also be investigated for turbulent flow regimes, for which the change of reference frames could possibly amplify the differences found here due to the large number of timescales involved.
DOI: 10.32657/10356/164694
Schools: School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 
Rights: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:MAE Theses

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