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Title: Inherent optical properties based vulnerability assessment of euphotic zone compression in peatland influenced Southeast Asian coastal waters
Authors: Sanwlani, Nivedita
Wong, Elizabeth Wing-See
Morgan, Kyle
Liew, Soo Chin
Martin, Patrick
Keywords: Engineering::Environmental engineering
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Sanwlani, N., Wong, E. W., Morgan, K., Liew, S. C. & Martin, P. (2022). Inherent optical properties based vulnerability assessment of euphotic zone compression in peatland influenced Southeast Asian coastal waters. Frontiers in Marine Science, 9, 967627-.
Project: MSRDP-P32 
Journal: Frontiers in Marine Science 
Abstract: Underwater light availability is a crucial aspect for the ecological functioning of shallow water bodies. Light extinction from terrestrial inputs is a growing threat to these coastal habitats. The blended quasi-analytical algorithm (QAA) was extended for the derivation of colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) absorption coefficient along with other inherent optical properties (IOPs) from satellite observations for Southeast Asian waters. The contribution of these IOPs to diffuse attenuation of light (Kd) and penetration depth (Zd) was investigated. A vulnerability assessment was performed to identify locations potentially threatened by poor light quality in Southeast Asian waters. Advection of peatland-influenced Sumatran coastal waters rich in organic matter (ag(400nm): 1.0-2.0m-1) and sediments (bbp(400nm): 0.5-1m-1) drive the spatial heterogeneity of Sunda shelf seawater. Photic zone depth, Zd(490nm), is year-round restricted to ≤5m for critically vulnerable Sumatran coastal waters (vulnerability index, VI>0.8). This critically vulnerable state is further extended towards the southern Malacca Strait, influencing the eastern Singapore Strait from June to September. The areas harbouring marine ecosystems in the shelf waters attain a higher threshold (VI=0.6-0.8), constraining the photosynthesis to depths ≤10m. A transformation of central Malacca Strait from not vulnerable (VI<0.2) to highly vulnerable (VI=0.6-0.8) state from June to September indicates poor light conditions. Further increases in CDOM and sediment inputs into these water columns, therefore, constitute a clear risk of reducing light availability, which may have damaging effects on the functioning of coastal habitats. This study underscores the need for a complete ecological risk assessment for Southeast Asia to aid in the effective management of marine ecosystems.
ISSN: 2296-7745
DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2022.967627
Schools: Asian School of the Environment 
Research Centres: Nanyang Environment and Water Research Institute 
Earth Observatory of Singapore 
Rights: © 2022 Sanwlani, Wong, Morgan, Liew and Martin. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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