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Title: Using a health belief model to assess COVID-19 vaccine intention and hesitancy in Jakarta, Indonesia
Authors: Hidayana, Irma
Amir, Sulfikar
Pelupessy, Dicky C.
Rahvenia, Zahira
Keywords: Social sciences::Sociology
Issue Date: 2022
Source: Hidayana, I., Amir, S., Pelupessy, D. C. & Rahvenia, Z. (2022). Using a health belief model to assess COVID-19 vaccine intention and hesitancy in Jakarta, Indonesia. PLOS Global Public Health, 2(10), e0000934-.
Project: RG53/19 
Journal: PLOS Global Public Health 
Abstract: Since January 2021, Indonesia has administered a nationwide COVID-19 vaccination. This study examined vaccine intention and identified reasons for vaccine hesitancy in the capital city of Jakarta. This is a cross-sectional online survey using the Health Belief Model (HBM) to assess vaccine intent predictors and describe reasons for hesitancy among Jakarta residents. Among 11,611 respondents, 92.99% (10.797) would like to get vaccinated. This study indicated that all HBM constructs predict vaccine intention (P< 0.05). Those with a high score of perceived susceptibility to the COVID-19 vaccine were significantly predicted vaccine hesitancy (OR = 0.18, 95% CI: 0.16-0.21). Perceived higher benefits of COVID-19 vaccine (OR = 2.91, 95% CI: 2.57-3.28), perceived severity of COVID-19 disease (OR: 1.41, 95% CI: 1.24-1.60), and perceived susceptibility of the current pandemic (OR = 1.21, 95% CI: 1.06-1.38) were significantly predicted vaccination intend. Needle fears, halal concerns, vaccine side effects, and the perception that vaccines could not protect against COVID-19 disease emerged as reasons why a small portion of the respondents (n = 814, 7.23%) are hesitant to get vaccinated. This study demonstrated a high COVID-19 vaccine intention and highlighted the reasons for vaccine refusal, including needle fears, susceptibility to vaccine efficacy, halal issues, and concern about vaccine side effects. The current findings on COVID-19 vaccination show that the government and policymakers should take all necessary steps to remove vaccine hesitancy by increasing awareness of vaccine efficacy and benefit interventions.
ISSN: 2767-3375
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgph.0000934
DOI (Related Dataset): 10.21979/N9/2PPR4G
Schools: School of Social Sciences 
Rights: © 2022 Hidayana et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
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