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Title: Self-intercalated metallic transition metal dichalcogenide for high current density water splitting
Authors: Long, Yan
Keywords: Engineering::Materials::Nanostructured materials
Engineering::Materials::Microelectronics and semiconductor materials::Nanoelectronics and interconnects
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Nanyang Technological University
Source: Long, Y. (2023). Self-intercalated metallic transition metal dichalcogenide for high current density water splitting. Final Year Project (FYP), Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Project: MSE/22/051 
Abstract: Hydrogen has been considered one of the most versatile and environment-friendly energy sources, making it a rising star as an alternative to conventional nonrenewable energy resources, i.e., fossil fuels. One of the main advantages of hydrogen fuel is that it produces only water vapor as a byproduct, making it a zero-carbon emission fuel with promising reduction of emissions for greenhouse gas and air pollutants. Green hydrogen can be produced through water-splitting driven by electricity converted from other types of clean energy, such as solar and wind. Hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) as the half-reaction occurring at the cathodic electrode in water electrolysis processes, it yields H₂ gas as the main product [1]. However, there are also challenges associated with hydrogen production efficiency via HER, which require ongoing research and development efforts further to advance its viability as a mainstream energy source. In particular, the conventional catalysts based on noble metal (e.g., Pt) for HER significantly limit the worldwide deployment of green hydrogen as they are expensive and not readily available [4]. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop earth-abundant, sustainable, cost-effective, and highly efficient alternative electrocatalysts in order to scale up the industrial yielding of H2. Since their crystal structure is unique and they have high anisotropy, 2-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) demonstrate various exceptional properties (e.g., electrical, mechanical, and optical properties). Moreover, TMDs (such as the edge sites of MoS2) have been found to be very catalytically active towards HER. To enhance their catalytic performance, a variety of methods can be employed to engineer TMDs, including reduction of dimensions, intercalation, heterostructure and so on. In this project, the mechanical exfoliation technique is used to achieve the thin layers (2D materials) of various conventional and self-intercalated TMDs for comparing their properties as the electrocatalyst in HER. Keywords: two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides, self-intercalated two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides, hydrogen evolution, on-chip micro-cell.
Schools: School of Materials Science and Engineering 
Fulltext Permission: embargo_restricted_20250531
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:MSE Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)

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