Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Omega-3 and vitamin D supplementation to reduce recidivism: a pilot study||Authors:||Raine, Adrian
|Keywords:||Social sciences::Psychology||Issue Date:||2023||Source:||Raine, A., Choy, O., Leung, C., Singh, M. & Kaur, J. (2023). Omega-3 and vitamin D supplementation to reduce recidivism: a pilot study. Journal of Experimental Criminology. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11292-023-09552-2||Journal:||Journal of Experimental Criminology||Abstract:||Objectives: While three randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have been conducted using omega-3 supplementation on prison populations, none have examined effects on recidivism. This study presents pilot findings on recidivism rates following omega-3 and vitamin D supplementation. Methods: Young offenders (N = 145) were randomized into 3 groups: omega-3/vitamin D supplementation (N = 48), placebo (N = 46), and treatment-as-usual controls (N = 51). One-, two-, and three-year recidivism rates were calculated. Results: The omega-3 group showed non-significantly reduced recidivism rates compared to both control groups in all three years. Three-year recidivism reduction effect sizes were as follows: omega-3 versus controls (d =.18) and omega-3 versus placebo (d =.17). Conclusions: A future study with a sample size of 237 would have a power of.80 to detect these effect sizes. These pilot data suggest that omega-3 and vitamin D supplementation, a simple and relatively cheap health intervention, could reduce 3-year recidivism by 16.6%.||URI:||https://hdl.handle.net/10356/168984||ISSN:||1573-3750||DOI:||10.1007/s11292-023-09552-2||Schools:||School of Social Sciences||Rights:||© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V. 2023.||Fulltext Permission:||none||Fulltext Availability:||No Fulltext|
|Appears in Collections:||SSS Journal Articles|
Updated on Sep 23, 2023
Items in DR-NTU are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.