Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/171717
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dc.contributor.authorLim, Ker Lien_US
dc.contributor.authorKhor, Wei Chingen_US
dc.contributor.authorOng, Kar Huien_US
dc.contributor.authorTimothy, Loisen_US
dc.contributor.authorAung, Kyaw Thuen_US
dc.date.accessioned2023-11-06T03:55:33Z-
dc.date.available2023-11-06T03:55:33Z-
dc.date.issued2023-
dc.identifier.citationLim, K. L., Khor, W. C., Ong, K. H., Timothy, L. & Aung, K. T. (2023). Occurrence and patterns of enterotoxin genes, spa types and antimicrobial resistance patterns in Staphylococcus aureus in food and food contact surfaces in Singapore. Microorganisms, 11(7), 1785-. https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms11071785en_US
dc.identifier.issn2076-2607en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10356/171717-
dc.description.abstractStaphylococcus aureus contamination of food and food contact surfaces is a public health concern given its virulent and antimicrobial-resistant properties worldwide. In this study, a total of 181 MSSA isolates were analyzed for SE genes, antimicrobial resistance patterns, and spa types. Overall, 24.9% of isolates were positive for SE gene detection, with sea being the most prevalent classical SE (18.8%). The most predominant sample sources for SE gene contamination were hand swabs for sea (6/48), meat dishes for seb (3/14) and seafood dishes for sec (2/24). Antimicrobial resistance was also observed at relatively high frequencies for the clinically important antibiotics penicillin G and ampicillin (both 54.7%), followed by tetracycline (14.9%) and azithromycin (8.8%). In addition, characterization of spa types revealed spa type t5078 to be the most predominant (40.3%), with significant associations between spa types t127 and t5521 and the sea gene. This study offers insights into the enterotoxin gene and antimicrobial resistance profiles of S. aureus in cooked or ready-to-eat food to inform future surveillance and epidemiological studies.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Environmental Agency (NEA)en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipSingapore Food Agencyen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.ispartofMicroorganismsen_US
dc.rights© 2023 The authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/).en_US
dc.subjectScience::Biological sciencesen_US
dc.titleOccurrence and patterns of enterotoxin genes, spa types and antimicrobial resistance patterns in Staphylococcus aureus in food and food contact surfaces in Singaporeen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Biological Sciencesen_US
dc.contributor.organizationSingapore Food Agencyen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/microorganisms11071785-
dc.description.versionPublished versionen_US
dc.identifier.pmid37512957-
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-85166172678-
dc.identifier.issue7en_US
dc.identifier.volume11en_US
dc.identifier.spage1785en_US
dc.subject.keywordsStaphylococcus Aureusen_US
dc.subject.keywordsAntimicrobial Resistanceen_US
dc.description.acknowledgementThis study was supported by the National Environment Agency and the Singapore Food Agency, Singapore.en_US
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