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dc.contributor.authorLim, Emma Yukien_US
dc.contributor.authorBaledram, Nashuaen_US
dc.identifier.citationLim, E. Y. & Baledram, N. (2024). The interplay of culture and cognition on attachment formation in Western versus non-Western contexts. Final Year Project (FYP), Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
dc.description.abstractAttachment formation in caregiver-infant dyads has been of interest, with much research citing its long-lasting influence on the infant’s future relationships and the detrimental effects of insecure attachment on an infant’s future outcomes. However, despite a trend of insecure attachment being more commonly observed in non-western cultures, less research has been done to understand how cultural practices alongside caregiver and infant cognitive processes shape attachment formation, thus potentially contributing to the prevalence of insecure attachment in non-western cultures. This critical review argues that cultural and cognitive factors interact with each other to form the infant’s understanding of the world which thereby contributes to attachment formation. As such, the concept of healthy attachment differs depending on the cultural context of the individual through the infant’s interpretation of their experiences from a cultural and cognitive perspective. An extensive consolidation of papers on insecure attachment, cultural practices, and cognitive processes was analysed to identify trends, gaps and limitations in the current literature. As expected, a bias for western perspectives in attachment theory was found, as well as the potential adaptiveness of certain attachment patterns within non-western cultures. The review has thus suggested several potential areas in which future research can look into to develop a more holistic understanding of attachment theory.en_US
dc.publisherNanyang Technological Universityen_US
dc.subjectSocial Sciencesen_US
dc.titleThe interplay of culture and cognition on attachment formation in Western versus non-Western contextsen_US
dc.typeFinal Year Project (FYP)en_US
dc.contributor.supervisorVictoria Leongen_US
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Social Sciencesen_US
dc.description.degreeBachelor's degreeen_US
dc.subject.keywordsAttachment theoryen_US
dc.subject.keywordsCaregiver sensitivityen_US
dc.subject.keywordsInternal working modelen_US
dc.subject.keywordsCaregiver infant dyaden_US
dc.subject.keywordsCritical reviewen_US
dc.subject.keywordsInsecure attachmenten_US
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