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Title: Perceptions of Singaporeans towards informed consent: a cross-sectional survey
Authors: Gupta, Mehek
Madhavan, Sudharsan
Teo, Felicia Siok Ying
Low, Jee Keem
Shelat, Vishal G.
Keywords: Medicine, Health and Life Sciences
Issue Date: 2024
Source: Gupta, M., Madhavan, S., Teo, F. S. Y., Low, J. K. & Shelat, V. G. (2024). Perceptions of Singaporeans towards informed consent: a cross-sectional survey. Singapore Medical Journal, 65(2), 91-98.
Journal: Singapore Medical Journal 
Abstract: Introduction: In a patient-centric health system, it is essential to know patients' views about informed consent. The objective of this study was to understand the perceptions of the local population regarding informed consent. Methods: Spanning 6 weeks from January 2016 to March 2016, a cross-sectional survey of adults attending the General Surgery outpatient clinics at Tan Tock Seng Hospital was conducted. Sociodemographic data, lifestyle- and health-related information, perception and purpose of consent forms, and decision-making preferences were studied. Results: A total of 445 adults participated in the survey. Most participants were aged below 40 years ( n = 265, 60.1%), female ( n = 309, 70.1%) and degree holders ( n = 196, 44.4%). Also, 56.9% of participants wanted to know every possible risk, while 28.3% wanted to know the common and serious risks. On multivariate analysis, age (61-74 years: odds ratio [OR] 11.1, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.2-56.1, P = 0.004; age >75 years: OR 22.2, 95% CI 1.8-279.1, P = 0.017) was a predictor of not wanting to know any risks. Age also predicted risk of disclosure for death (age 61-74 years: OR 13.4, 95% CI 4.2-42.6, P < 0.001; age >75 years: OR 32.0, 95% CI 4.5-228.0, P = 0.001). Most participants (48.1%) preferred making shared decisions with doctors, and an important predictor was employment status (OR 4.8, 95% CI 1.9-12.2, P = 0.001). Conclusion: Sociodemographic factors and educational level influence decision-making, and therefore, the informed consent process should be tailored for each patient.
ISSN: 0037-5675
DOI: 10.11622/smedj.2021163
Schools: School of Biological Sciences 
Rights: © 2024 Singapore Medical Journal. Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial ShareAlike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non commercially, as long as appropriate credit is given and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SBS Journal Articles

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