Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/38734
Title: Stressful university life : the relationship among academic self-efficacy, social comparison orientation, academic performance, goal characteristics, and psychological well-being of university students in Singapore.
Authors: Lim, Suu Yue.
Owyong, Elena.
Tay, Hannah Wen Ya.
Toh, Juanita Zhu Ian.
Keywords: DRNTU::Social sciences::Psychology::Applied psychology
Issue Date: 2010
Abstract: The goal of this study is to examine how the well-being of university students in Singapore is influenced by academic concerns. In particular, we investigate the relationship among academic self-efficacy, social comparison orientation, academic performance, goal characteristics (i.e., ideal GPA, goal importance, goal motivation, GPA difference), and psychological well-being (i.e., depression and satisfaction with life). Our theoretical model, which integrates these concepts, provides fruitful insight to better understand the well-being of university students. A self-administered paper-and-pencil survey was conducted with 603 final-year undergraduate students from the two public autonomous universities in Singapore: National University of Singapore (NUS) and Nanyang Technological University (NTU). Our analyses indicated that academic self-efficacy has both a direct and indirect relationship with students’ levels of depressive symptoms and satisfaction with life. Specifically, academic self-efficacy was found to negatively predict students’ levels of depressive symptoms and positively predict their satisfaction with life. The relationship between students’ academic self-efficacy and their level of depressive symptoms was also found to be mediated by goal importance, goal motivation, and GPA difference. Similarly, the relationship between academic self-efficacy and satisfaction with life was found to be mediated by goal importance. In addition, academic self-efficacy was a significant predictor of academic performance, ideal GPA, goal importance, goal motivation, and GPA difference. Furthermore, students’ social comparison orientation was found to be a significant positive predictor of students’ levels of depressive symptoms, academic performance, goal importance, and ideal GPA. Consequently, theoretical and practical implications of our findings are discussed.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10356/38734
Rights: Nanyang Technological University
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:WKWSCI Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI/CA)

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