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Title: Fabrication of composite FO hollow fiber membranes by co-spinning process – preliminary investigation on properties of the support layer
Authors: Cwa, Jackson Xing Long
Keywords: DRNTU::Engineering::Environmental engineering::Water treatment
Issue Date: 2010
Abstract: Forward (or direct) osmosis (FO) recently received growing attention from numerous disciplines, among them water reclamation. FO offers the advantage of the same high rejection of a wide range of contaminants without the high energy consumption and membrane-fouling propensities of traditional pressure-driven membrane processes. The potential for FO process being used for water reclamation as a much viable alternative than RO process is thus very high. One of the challenges deterring the full exploration of FO potential in this area is the limited number of commercially available FO membranes with high water permeation and superior salt separation performance. The ultimate aim is to fabricate composite hollow fiber FO membranes in a one step co-extrusion and phase inversion process as an alternative to current available membranes not optimised for FO processes. As the foundation for this research, this Final Year Project is but one of the projects carried out in a series, focusing on the support layer of the composite hollow fiber FO membrane In this present work, 3 systems of dope solutions with polyethersulfone (PES) as polymer, N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) as solvent and additives Pluronic (M.W. 1900), Polyethylene glycol (PEG 400) (M.W. 400) were prepared (1 system without additives, 1 system with Pluronic 1900 added and 1 system with PEG 400 added). These 3 systems are used to determine mainly viscosity and cloud point. It was found that the viscosity of the dope solution increased when the additives were added, and that the additives were observed to have the effect of increasing the polymer concentration needed to reach a point where a steep increase in the viscosity of the dope solution can be observed; the point that suggests significant chain entanglement occurring in the dope solution.
Rights: Nanyang Technological University
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:CEE Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)

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