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Title: Solid state dye-sensitized solar cell with nanorods
Authors: Wei, Ya Zhe.
Keywords: DRNTU::Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering::Optics, optoelectronics, photonics
Issue Date: 2010
Abstract: The dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) based on nanocrystalline TiO2 provide a promising alternative concept to conventional p–n junction photovoltaic devices. However, liquid-state DSSCs possess the problem of low stability since a volatile liquid electrolyte is utilized. An effective and valid approach to solve such a problem is by taking place the volatile liquid electrolyte with solid-state or quasi solid-state hole material, such as p-type semiconductors. In this paper, SnO2 nanorod arrays were grown on FTO glass by PECVD and were used as electrode for solid dye-sensitized solar cell (SDSC). TiO2 nanocrystals with diameter less than 10 nm have been synthesized by hydrothermal method. Four types of TiO2 pastes have been prepared from TiO2 nanocrystals synthesized by hydrothermal and commercial P25 TiO2 powders. High porous and crack-free multiple and composite TiO2 thick layers with high surface area have been deposited by Dr Blade. CuI nanocrystals is utilized for hole transporting in the SDSC. The performance of SDSCs was evaluated and effects of fabrication parameters on the properties of the SDCSs were studied. It is found that the crystal growth inhibitor can suppress the growth of the CuI crystals and thus enhanced the conversion efficiency of the SDCSs. The SnO2 nanorods provide a shortcut to the electrons, so SDCSs with SnO2 nanorod electrodes show higher current density and conversion efficiency
Rights: Nanyang Technological University
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:EEE Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)

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