Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/43650
Title: 近代汉语的动结式结构再探 :原型范畴在汉语史中的动态发展 = A dynamic exploration of prototype theory in pre-modern Chinese verb-resulative construction
Authors: 许燕玲 Koh, Yan Ling
Keywords: DRNTU::Humanities::Language::Chinese
Issue Date: 2011
Abstract: 动补结构是汉语语法体系中一种重要的结构,它的产生和发展影响了现代汉语语法系统的形成。先贤对动补结构的语义、语法已有很深入的研究,因此本文在此基础上从认知的角度来解释近代汉语中动补结构的动结式。范畴化是人们认识世界的一种基本方法。动结式的语义关系是范畴化的结果。动结式的语义关系是要表达动作的致使过程,涉及了施事、致使力、受事和致使结果的过程。因此,我们把动结式的语义定义为“致使”关系。动结式主要表达的是动作和动作的结果之间的关系。动作的变化结果多种多样:有一些变化结果是动作自然的、可预期的变化结果,而有一些变化结果与此相异或相反。前者符合人们的大脑的认知模式,是动结式的核心语义,也是“致使”范畴语义原型。后者是动结式范畴的其他语义类型,但也和核心语义共同构成一个“致使”范畴,表现了范畴的动态性和开放性。在客观世界,人们的认知经验中有“行为链”图式,物体的运动转移过程与轨道之间动态关系映射到语言中,在语言深层形成“致使”语义关系,在语法表面体现为动结式。Verb-resultative construction is very important in Chinese grammar, for its emergence and development have brought great influence to the formation of the modern Chinese grammar system. Since many have done profound research in the verb-resultative construction on the semantic and grammatical level, therefore based on their accomplishment, we will expound the resultative construction established and developed during the Pre-modern Chinese from a cognitive perspective. Categorization is a basic method for humans to perceive the world. With this method, we categorize the semantic relationship in the verb-resultative construction. It is a causative procedure, whereby the agent affecting the patient or theme by force and produced a caused result.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10356/43650
Rights: Nanyang Technological University
Fulltext Permission: restricted
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:HSS Student Reports (FYP/IA/PA/PI)

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