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Title: Vector soliton fiber lasers
Authors: Zhang, Han
Keywords: DRNTU::Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering::Optics, optoelectronics, photonics
DRNTU::Engineering::Electrical and electronic engineering::Microelectronics
DRNTU::Science::Physics::Optics and light
Issue Date: 2010
Source: Zhang, H. (2010). Vector soliton fiber lasers. Doctoral thesis, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
Abstract: Solitons, as stable localized wave packets that can propagate long distance in dispersive media without changing their shapes, are ubiquitous in nonlinear physical systems. Since the first experimental realization of optical bright solitons in the anomalous dispersion single mode fibers (SMF) by Mollenauer et al. in 1980 and optical dark solitons in the normal dispersion SMFs by P. Emplit et al. in 1987, optical solitons in SMFs had been extensively investigated. In reality a SMF always supports two orthogonal polarization modes. Taking fiber birefringence into account, it was later theoretically predicted that various types of vector solitons, including the bright-bright vector solitons, dark-dark vector solitons and darkbright vector solitons, could be formed in SMFs. However, except the bright-bright type of vector solitons, other types of vector solitons are so far lack of clear experimental evidence. Optical solitons have been observed not only in the SMFs but also in mode locked fiber lasers. It has been shown that the passively mode-locked erbiumdoped fiber lasers offer a promising experimental platform for studying the scalar optical solitons. Vector solitons can also be formed in mode locked fiber lasers. In this dissertation, the author presents results of a series of theoretical and experimental investigations on the vector solitons in fiber lasers. First of all, passively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber lasers with the semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM) as a mode locker were designed and constructed. Formation of various vector bright-bright solitons in the fiber lasers was demonstrated, and whose features and dynamics were investigated. There are either the coherently or incoherently coupled vector solitons in the fiber lasers.
DOI: 10.32657/10356/44851
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:EEE Theses

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